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1. (in Europe from the Middle Ages) originally any tenant-in-chief of a king or other overlord, who held land from his superior by honourable service; a land-holding nobleman
2. a powerful businessman or financier
3. English law (formerly) the title held by judges of the Court of Exchequer



in Western Europe, a direct vassal of the king; later a noble title (feminine form, baroness). In Britain, where it is retained to this day, the title of baron is below the title of viscount, occupying the last place in the hierarchy of titles of the higher nobility. (In a broader sense the whole British higher nobility and the hereditary members of the House of Lords are barons.) In France and Germany this title was below the title of count. In the Russian Empire the title of baron was introduced by Peter I for the higher German nobility of the Baltic area.

References in periodicals archive ?
Lordships and baronies are some of Europe's oldest titles, dating back to the Domesday Book, which recorded a land survey for William the Conqueror in 1086.
His Navy tour began as a battle to get control of the admirals' baronies while creating the two-ocean navy.
Scottish titles called baronies are regularly put up for sale by aristocrats who have more titles than they want and feel like raising cash.
Contract award: Pavement works on the sites of low and medium on county roads - CPC Pierrelatte Nyons and Buis les Baronies.
CASH-STRAPPED peers have put up for auction 32 titles of Irish feudal baroniess and lordships.
Contract notice: Framework agreement measures sewer repairs SWWB Waterkring de Baronie.