Chen (1998) and Jiang (2000) derived the quasi-geostrophic potential vorticity equation with large-scale topography, friction, and heating under the barotropic model
, and the large-scale effects of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau on atmosphere were discussed.
To implement liquid compressibility, a barotropic model
was used, where reference pressure, reference density, and bulk modulus information are incorporated using work by Dymond et al.
In this work, a hindcast of typical extratropical storm surge occurring in the Bohai Sea in October 2003 is performed using a 3D FVCOM nonlinear barotropic model
forced by 10 m winds.
Using an idealized nonlinear and nondivergent barotropic model
, the research team have shown that these S-shaped features are the manifestations of barotropic instability.
Adjoints and singular vectors in a barotropic model
. In Workshop on Adjoint Applications in Dynamic Meterology (1994).
For example, the barotropic model
of a couple of paragraphs ago can be used to explain why the wind backs rather than veers, given suitable conditions; but it cannot explain why it backs rather than dying away.
Carr and Elsberry (1992) used a barotropic model
to obtain improvements in track forecasting by explicitly including the beta propagation.
Vanden-Eijnden, 2005: Low-order stochastic mode reduction for a realistic barotropic model
Weber, 2006: Operational performance of a new barotropic model
(WBAR) in the western North Pacific basin.
He developed techniques for creating the best possible product using the early introduction of limited computer guidance, even with the less than perfect first barotropic model
He discussed results from his dissertation research that used ~[10.sup.2] spectral components to investigate SDP with a barotropic model
(Pitcher 1974, 1977).