Barrel Vault


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barrel vault

[′bar·əl ‚vȯlt]
(architecture)
A masonry vault of plain, semicircular cross section, supported by parallel walls or arcades and adapted to longitudinal areas. Also known as barrel roof; cradle vault; tunnel vault; wagonhead vault; wagon vault.

barrel vault

A masonry vault resting on two parallel walls having the form of a half cylinder, sometimes called a tunnel vault.
See also: Vault

Barrel Vault

 

in architecture, a roof shaped as a semi-cylinder with a raised and tapered top, as a result of which the facade has a keellike pediment. Barrel vaults, seen in religious and civil architecture of the 17th and 18th centuries, are most often built of wood (for example, the churches of the Russian north, the palace in Kolomenskoie) and more rarely of stone (the church in the village of Taininskaia in Moscow Oblast). The crossing of two barrel vaults forms a cross barrel vault or a cubelike roof.

barrel vault, barrel roof, cradle vault, tunnel vault, wagonhead vault, wagon vault

A masonry vault of plain, semicircular cross section, supported by parallel walls or arcades and adapted to longitudinal areas.
References in periodicals archive ?
Figure 11 shows a comparison between the measured and simulated skylight transmittance for the clear barrel vault skylight on October 24, 2003.
Like the Book of Job and the Songs of Solomon, Michelangelo's barrel vault was juicy in the extreme--until its recent scrub-down.
Externally, the barrel vault is covered in patinated zinc, emerging from the ground with a glazed facade to the south while, within, the precast vaulted roof is expressed, below and timber panelled perimeter walls.
Cove lighting accentuates a subtle barrel vault, highlighting the custom cherry, travertine and glass reception desk.
A Daylight Grid System, for diffusing natural light, was developed with Christian Bartenbach for the glazed barrel vault of Linz E xhibition Centre.
Packs of 05,Rissverpressungen, exchange foundation and vaulted masonry, restoration barrel vault, balance and smooth plaster, producing masonry walls, closing wall openings, fire safety upgrading work, core drilling, cuts, Precast concrete, concrete restoration, removal and disposal of PAH-containing seals, footings, situ concrete, working according to the guidelines the protective measures for activities in the contaminated area.
While plans were being developed for the lobby work, ownership discovered the dramatic original ceiling, featuring a barrel vault of plaster coffered panels with decorative rosettes and moldings, hidden five feet above mundane flat sheet rock that had been installed in a 1970s "renovation.
Recognizing the historical significance and aesthetic qualities of the original ceiling, which featured a barrel vault of plaster coffered panels with decorative rosettes, the architects and the landlord decided to restore the original design to the soon-to-be renovated lobby.
The undulating barrel vault appears to float above the floorplates, emphasized by cladding and internal partitions stopping short of the roof.