Therefore, one may ask, in spite of significantly correlated production due to baryon number
, electric charge conservation, and kinematical correlations of proton and antiprotons, why do the measured cumulants follow the independent production model.
Manton, "Skyrmions up to baryon number
108," Physical Review D, vol.
[??] is the H- baryon number
. [Q.sub.em] is the electric charge.
In 1976't Hooft discovered that baryon number
is violated in the Standard Model and it is due to transition between two topologically distinct SU[(2).sub.L] ground states [76, 77].
As a result, globally conserved quantum numbers (charge, strangeness, and baryon number
) must be conserved locally in spatially restricted correlation clusters.
Ogure, "Escape from washing out of baryon number
in a two-zero-texture general Zee model compatible with the large mixing angle MSW solution," Physical Review D, vol.
In case of three flavor quarks, these are strangeness, baryon number
, and electric charge or, equivalently, the three quark flavors: up, down, and strange.