basic research


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basic research

[′bā·sik ri′sərch]
(science and technology)
Fundamental theoretical or experimental investigation to advance scientific knowledge, immediate practical application not being a direct objective. Also known as pure research.
References in periodicals archive ?
Through the academic agreements Equinor funds basic research. Basic research is essential to better understanding the world, developing researchers and defining new issues to be further explored.
The latter phrase lies at the heart of the separation between the basic research community and the rest of the innovation enterprise.
But perhaps the quintessential example of this phenomenon was the origin in the early 1970s of recombinant DNA technology (also known as 'genetic modification,' or 'GM'), the prototypic technique of modern genetic engineering, which resulted from synergy among several esoteric, largely unrelated areas of basic research. Enzymology and nucleic acid chemistry led to techniques for cutting and rejoining segments of DNA.
A distinguishing characteristic of basic research is its occasional spark to new frontiers unimagined in applied research.
Comparatively, according to National Science Foundation data, about 18% of all R&D is performed on basic research programs, while 22% is performed on applied research programs and the remaining 60% is performed on development programs.
Toyota Motor Corporation (NYSE: TM) (LSE: TYT) (TYO: 7203), a Japan-based automaker, has started a series of basic research projects with United States universities.
Bonnie Bassler entered the field fascinated by bacterial communication and is now turning basic research insights into a strategy to develop new antibiotics.
In this approach the only connection between the basic research undertaken by the scientists and the governments commitment to make progress toward solving a grand challenge is the mechanism for allocating funds to be invested in basic science.
The DoD has launched a university-based social science initiative to support basic research in topic areas of importance to current and future U.S.
sufficiently supporting basic research? Has the relationship between industry and academia been negatively impacted by global competitiveness?
For 2008, South Korea plans to spend $10.6 billion on science and technology development, 25% of which will go to basic research. The amount committed to basic research is expected to increase to half of the country's total R&D spending by 2012.

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