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, city, United States
Linden, city (1990 pop. 36,701), Union co., NE N.J., in the New York metropolitan area; inc. 1925. During the first half of the 20th cent., Linden changed from an agricultural district to a city of diverse manufactures, including chemicals, petroleum products, plastics, advertising signs, and transportation equipment. The city, named for the linden trees in the vicinity, was part of Elizabeth until 1861.


, in botany

linden, common name for the Tiliaceae, a family of chiefly woody shrubs and trees. Most genera are tropical, but the genus Tilia, commonly called linden, or lime tree, in Europe and Asia and basswood in North America, is found throughout the north temperate zone. These deciduous trees are valued for ornament and shade. Their light, strong lumber, often called basswood, or whitewood, is variously employed, e.g., for woodenware and cheap furniture, and for beehives and honeycomb frames. The nectar of the flowers is a commercial source of an excellent honey; the blossoms themselves are used for tea. Fiber was formerly made from the tough inner bark, or bast (hence the name basswood), which is still used for caning and wickerwork. The most important member of the family economically is the tropical genus Corchorus, from which jute is obtained. The linden family is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Malvales.

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A great nutritious food planted throughout many cities and subdivisions. Tree grows to 140 ft (45m) with tiny fruit that look like peas. Flowers are great for nervous system and for around the heartcalming people's anxiety, restlessness and nervousness, but do not take all the time though or heart problems may arise. Leaves are usually asymmetrical. The young leaves when they come out in springtime taste like romaine lettuce. That's a lot of romaine lettuce! Very safe to eat. Don't eat the old bigger leaves, they aren't worth much and hard to digest (all the nutritional energy and life force has gone into the flowers). The new young leaves however are very soothing to the digestive tract, the throat. Inner bark tea used for lung problems, stomach issues. Flowers are used for colds and fevers. Small flowers, white to yellow was are delightfully fragrant and have a honey-like flavor. The flowers have been used in a tea as a medicine in the past. NOTE: Frequent heavy consumption of linden flower tea can cause heart damage. Take it easy. Leaves are fine-eat as much as you want.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz


A common name for trees of the genus Tilia in the linden family of the order Malvales. Also known as linden.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

basswood, American linden

A cream-colored, fine-textured, moderately low-density wood of North America; used extensively for plywood, lumber core, and trim.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The bark of basswood is characterized by its intertwined fibers which make it tough and leathery.
American basswood is closely related to two other species - Tilia vulgaris, or lime, which grows in Europe and eastern Asia, and Tilia japonica, known as Japanese lime.
The sapwood of basswood has sometimes been marketed as white basswood.
"The Encyclopedia of Wood" discusses basswood and lime together because they are so similar.
Basswood, American whitewood, American lime, lime tree, American linden, beetee, wickup, yellow basswood, black lime tree, linn and whitewood
Donald Culross Peattie, in "A Natural History of Trees of Eastern and Central North America," maintains that as a timber tree, "basswood belongs to a special class of woods, which without a beautiful figure, and soft and very light and weak in the position of abeam, have their own sort of value.
Both basswood and lime, the European relative of basswood, make excellent woodwool or excelsior, which is used for packing.
While Tilia americana is the most commercially important and abundant of the native basswood species in the United States and Canada, there are others.
The next most common basswood species is Tilia heterophylla or white basswood.
While basswood has an average weight of 27 pounds per cubic foot, European lime's average weight is 34 pounds per cubic foot.
Basswood and elms are usually listed among the most susceptible (Croxton, 1939; Spaulding and Bratton, 1946; Lemon, 1961).
First, the most shade-tolerant species, basswood and sugar maple, are restricted mainly to drainages and they were also very susceptible to ice damage.