bastard

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bastard,

person born out of wedlock whose legal status is illegitimacy. In civil lawcivil law,
as used in this article, a modern legal system based upon Roman law, as distinguished from common law. Civil law is based on written legal codes, a hallmark of the Roman legal system, in which disputes were settled by reference to a written legal code arrived at
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 countries and in about half the states of the United States, the union of the parents in marriage after birth makes the child legitimate. It is presumed that any child born to a married woman, or within competent time after termination of the marriage, is the child of her husband. If, however, it can be proved that it was physically impossible for the husband to have been the father (e.g., because of nonaccess to the wife), he may bring action to establish the illegitimacy of the child. Unlike civil law, which granted bastards certain rights, English common lawcommon law,
system of law that prevails in England and in countries colonized by England. The name is derived from the medieval theory that the law administered by the king's courts represented the common custom of the realm, as opposed to the custom of local jurisdiction that
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 treated them almost as persons outside the law and left their care to poorhouses. At common law bastards have no right to inherit property from their mother or father except by specific designation (e.g., in a will). In the mid-20th cent. their condition has been much improved by statute. Discrimination against children born out of wedlock is now subject to constitutional limitation under the provisions of the Fourteenth Amendment. For the status of children born to annulled marriages, see nullity of marriagenullity of marriage,
in law, an unlawful marriage that is either void or voidable because of conditions existing at the time of the marriage. A bigamous or incestuous marriage, for example, is void, and there is no need to bring a suit to obtain a decree declaring it void.
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; husband and wifehusband and wife,
the legal aspects of the married state (for the sociological aspects, see marriage). The Marriage Contract

Marriage is a contractual relationship between a man and a woman that vests the parties with a new legal status.
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. See also legitimationlegitimation,
act of giving the status of legitimacy to a child whose parents were not married at the time the child was born. This is generally accomplished by the subsequent marriage of the parents.
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.

bastard

A nonstandard item; one of irregular or abnormal size or shape or of inferior quality.

bastard

a hybrid, esp an accidental or inferior one
References in periodicals archive ?
It removed the stigma of bastardy from the innocent issue of void marriages, as well as the issue born out of wedlock whose parents afterwards intermarried, provided such issue was recognized by the father as his child before or after marriage.
The Essex County bastardy and paternity trials are unique in the annals of colonial New England for a number of reasons.
Self-divorce and adultery are explored through newspaper notices of runaway wives and husbands as well as court cases; bastardy cases are examined through the records of the Philadelphia Guardians of the Poor; prostitution is assessed using newspapers, police arrest records and information on brothels; print media are employed to show attitudes toward sexuality in contradistinction to actual behavior that emerges from the social history sources.
The sexual politics of bastardy that ripples through the Shandy family has important consequences for the traditional, paternal sense of order that Walter embodies.
GR case that the common law to that point recognized that, where parents were not married, the father of the child was a legal stranger to the child, remarking that "Certainly, the bastardy rule affirms the importance of the marital bond, and expresses disapproval of the father for having sired the child out of wedlock.
This is related to contemporary laws on illegitimacy and bastardy.
His life story brings novelistic bastardy to unchartered heights.
He was unmarried and had no recorded illegitimate children in a society in which bastardy was not necessarily a barrier to succession.
The mid-eighteenth-century city was a complex environment where inhabitants engaged in a variety of nonmarital and extramarital affairs, where women forged spaces in which they could exercise their autonomy, where sex commerce and bastardy proliferated largely unchecked, and where many such acts and behaviors transgressed lines of gender, race, and class.
Marked by bastardy in the closing fourteenth scene, a feeling of entrapment and helplessness determines his outlook, which breaks out into a collective blood bath.
see also Alan Macfarlane, Illegitimacy and Illegitimates in English History, in BASTARDY AND ITS COMPARATIVE HISTORY 71, 75 (Peter Laslett et al.