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Bach

(bäkh), German family of distinguished musicians who flourished from the 16th through the 18th cent., its most renowned member being Johann Sebastian Bach (see Bach, Johann SebastianBach, Johann Sebastian
, 1685–1750, German composer and organist, b. Eisenach; one of the greatest and most influential composers of the Western world. He brought polyphonic baroque music to its culmination, creating masterful and vigorous works in almost every musical
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). Johannes or Hans Bach, c.1550–1626, was a Thuringian carpetweaver and a musical performer at festivals. His sons and descendants were noted organists and composers. One of his grandsons was Johann Ambrosius Bach, 1645–95, violinist, town musician at Eisenach, and father of Johann Sebastian Bach. Johann Sebastian's eldest brother, Johann Christoph Bach, 1671–1721, was organist at Ohrdruf. When his parents died he took Johann Sebastian, his youngest brother, into his home and taught him. Of the 20 children of Johann Sebastian, several were well known as musicians. The eldest son, Wilhelm Friedemann Bach, 1710–84, was made organist at the Sophienkirche in Dresden in 1733 and later (1746–64) organist and musical director at the Liebfrauenkirche in Halle. He was a brilliant organist and well-known composer, but he did not live up to his father's hopes and, after a dissolute life, he died in misery. A younger son was Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (see Bach, Carl Philipp EmanuelBach, Carl Philipp Emanuel
, 1714–88, German composer; second son of J. S. Bach, his only teacher. While harpsichordist at the court of Frederick the Great, where his chief duty for 28 years (1738–67) was to accompany the monarch's performances on the flute, he wrote
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), and the youngest son was Johann Christian Bach (see Bach, Johann ChristianBach, Johann Christian
, 1735–82, German musician and composer; son of J. S. Bach. He went to Italy in 1754, became a Roman Catholic, and composed church music and operas. In 1760 he became organist of the Milan Cathedral.
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).

Bibliography

See P. Young, The Bachs (2 vol., 1978–79); C. Wolff et al., The New Grove Bach Family (1983).

Bach

1. Johann Christian , 11th son of J. S. Bach. 1735--82, German composer, called the English Bach, resident in London from 1762
2. Johann Christoph . 1642--1703, German composer: wrote oratorios, cantatas, and motets, some of which were falsely attributed to J S Bach, of whom he was a distant relative
3. Johann Sebastian . 1685--1750, German composer: church organist at Arnstadt (1703--07) and Mühlhausen (1707--08); court organist at Weimar (1708--17); musical director for Prince Leopold of Köthen (1717--28); musical director for the city of Leipzig (1728--50). His output was enormous and displays great vigour and invention within the northern European polyphonic tradition. His works include nearly 200 cantatas and oratorios, settings of the Passion according to St John (1723) and St Matthew (1729), the six Brandenburg Concertos (1720--21), the 48 preludes and fugues of the Well-tempered Clavier (completed 1744), and the Mass in B Minor (1733--38)
4. Karl (or Carl) Philipp Emanuel , 3rd son of J S Bach. 1714--88, German composer, chiefly of symphonies, keyboard sonatas, and church music
5. Wilhelm Friedemann , eldest son of J S Bach. 1710--84, German composer: wrote nine symphonies and much keyboard and religious music
References in periodicals archive ?
"There is no immediate safety concern for consumers and only a limited number of batches are affected.
That is, there are nine level-1 clusters ([l.sup.(1)] for l = 1, 2, ..., 9) where the first level batches are formed with [mathematical expression not reproducible] satisfying both the minimum and the maximum batch size requirements of the clusters at level 1, three level-2 clusters ([l.sup.(2)] for l = 1, 2, 3) where different types of items are batched (for example, four different types of items are batched at [l.sup.(2)] cluster), one level-3 cluster where all nine item types can be batched together, and finally one destination node 0.
Food batches passing through dry heat ovens or steam processes can now be pre-tagged and will still be identifiable when the cooking process is completed.
As stated up, a many (three or more) batch processing machines in a flow shop is considered in this paper the objective is grouping jobs into batches, determining sequence and completion times of these batches on batch-processing machines in such a way that the makespan is minimized.
In addition, Evira banned the marketing of certain batches of poultry and pig feed mixes from the Rehuraisio Oy factory last spring due to salmonella contamination, and ordered the batches to be withdrawn from the market.
Regarding integrated controls packages, many PC based control systems available today offer materials management, recipe handling, mixer and downstream procedure handling, scaling of batches to suit mixers of differing sizes, lot traceability, auditable reporting systems and improved batch-to-batch consistency.
2.5- to 10-lb batches. Computer controls available as well as other options.
The affected batches of Galaxy Milk Drink, 230ml carry the following details: l Best before 28/1/06 and batch code 2AD3.
Despite all of the technological advancements in the metalcasting industry in recent memory, the theory of performing casting impregnation in large batches inside of large vessels has gone relatively unchanged.
BRITISH patients who have recently been given a rabies jab were today advised to seek medical advice after batches of the vaccine were recalled by the manufacturer.
The other batches, acquired directly from coneflower growers, did contain E.
BATCHES of an asthma inhaler were being recalled today after a fault was identified in the valve, causing it to deliver higher doses.