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A distinction is made between bathing in natural bodies of water (seas, rivers, lakes, and estuaries) and artificial ones (outdoor or indoor pools). The physiological effect of bathing depends on temperature, mechanical stimuli, and chemical stimuli (in seas, salt lakes, pools of mineral water). Bathing in open bodies of water adds the stimulating effects of motion in water, pure air, inhaled aerosols, and solar radiation to the beneficial influence of the water itself.

Bathing conditions the body and also has therapeutic purposes in cases of functional disturbances of the nervous system and certain diseases of the cardiovascular system. Bathing for therapeutic purposes is usually prescribed when the temperature of the air is no lower than 22°-20°C and of the water no lower than 20°-18°C; the patients bathe 2–5 to 10–15 minutes one to three times a day. Young, healthy, and adequately trained persons may bathe even in winter (“polar bears”).

Contraindications to bathing are expressed atherosclerosis, second- or third-degree cardiovascular insufficiency, a tendency to bleeding, severe emaciation, febrile and acute inflammatory diseases, active forms of tuberculosis, certain skin diseases, and the second half of pregnancy.


References in periodicals archive ?
Bathe has also appeared in several other TV shows, namely, "Army Wives," "Girlfriends" and "Boston Legal.
Occupational therapy interventions can be effective in improving abilities to bathe.
Bathe Home also carries a full range of Bathe's signature bath products and handmade soaps in fragrance-free versions or scents like mint lava, sandalwood + leather, classic Provence lavender among others.
SupineTubs--Again, usually made of fiberglass, a supine tub bathes the resident in a prone or semi-prone position.
The retreat director invited Bathe to be part of the retreat ministry team in his senior year.
People who need to bathe can get free passes to the local YMCA at the Glendale Services Center at 437 Fernando Court.
Using a basin to bathe residents in their rooms might seem primitive, but it should be remembered that some residents are comfortable with the idea, having used this technique to bathe themselves during their childhood or even later.
Bathe resident at his/her best, most rested, least confused time.
Greg Gale, Vice-President of Marketing, Arjo: "Assisted living bathing technology gives people the opportunity to bathe on their own without having a caregiver assist them.
2 Points: Requires assistance only in transferring into and out of bath, and can bathe self.