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Prolapse or downward displacement of the stomach.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



downward displacement of the stomach.

Gastroptosis may be constitutional (in persons with an as-thenic constitution) or acquired (sharp decrease in weight, sedentary way of life, repeated pregnancies, or the result of muscles of the abdominal wall being insufficiently exercised). Most frequently there are no symptoms, but sometimes gastroptosis causes a sense of heaviness in the epigastrium, belching, and abdominal distention. Gastric digestion and evacuation of the bowels remain substantially undisturbed. Treatment and prevention consist of physical exercises to strengthen the abdominal muscles and increase the general tonus of the body and, in cases of emaciation, a high-calorie diet and water treatment. Staying at a sanatorium or a health spa is also part of the treatment. During pregnancy and after childbirth the necessary hygienic requirements must be observed.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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