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a strong steel deep-sea diving sphere, lowered by cable
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a strong, usually steel, sphere-shaped chamber with equipment for underwater observation; it is lowered on a cable from a surface vessel. There is equipment in the bathysphere for air regeneration, measurement devices, and a telephone; there are also several observation windows.

The first descent in a bathysphere was made by the Italian Balzamello in the Mediterranean in 1892, to a depth of 165 m. In 1911 the American engineer H. Hartman descended in a bathysphere in the Mediterranean to a depth of 458 m. In 1934 the Americans W. Beebe and O. Barton descended in the bathysphere Age of Progress to a depth of 923 m near Bermuda, and in 1948, after a series of improvements, O. Barton descended in a bathysphere near California to a depth of 1,360 m. Since the 1950’s hydrostats have been used instead of bathyspheres for oceanographic exploration (and in some cases, for work connected with the raising of sunken vessels).


Diomidov, M. N., and A. N. Dmitriev. Pokorenie glubin, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1964.
Diomidov, M. N., and A. N. Dmitriev. Podvodnye apparaty. Leningrad, 1966.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


(naval architecture)
A spherical chamber in which persons are lowered for observation and study of ocean depths.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Just as Barton and Beebe partnered to complete their bathysphere adventures, Rosenstock and Roy's collaboration presents this story in a vivid, unforgettable way.
A few weeks later the American Otis Barton's improved version of the bathysphere, called a benthoscope, reached 4,518 ft (1,377 m).
After a bathysphere descent to the seabed, you find yourself surrounded by opulent decor and such weird items as a grand piano whose lid rises from time to time to emit bubbles of trapped air.
In 1934 Beebe used this bathysphere (Greek for "sphere of the deep") to descend to a record depth of 3,028 feet, nearly three-fifths of a mile.
A half mile down: strange creatures, beautiful and grotesque as figments of fancy, reveal themselves at windows of the bathysphere. Natl.
Your plane crashes into the ocean and, after finding a bathysphere, you descend into Rapture, a city beneath the sea.
After a bathysphere ride you arrive in Rapture, a utopian underwater city where the world's greatest minds have fled.
Beebe, a famous naturalist and bon vivant of the time, provided access to people who would fund the dives, and engineer Barton built the capsule that the men rode together and dubbed the bathysphere. This original bathysphere has recently been restored and will soon be on display at the New York Aquarium.
Under Wheeler Mountain, I peered out my windows as if in a bathysphere, watching birds of passage or random mammals--a stalky bobcat, a sinuous fisher--and the wide, ancient, homely cliffs that towered up with cracks across them like the pentimento of a thin-lipped grin, and two slightly mounded, snoutlike nostrils near the top.
Beebe explored the deeper layers of the ocean with his bathysphere (see 1934).
(Mailer belongs, in fact, to Isaiah Berlin's team of anti-enlightenment "swimmers against the current;' like Vico and Hamann and Herder, like Moses Hess and Georges Sorel.) But you'd think that as much as he identified in Ancient Evenings with Menenhetet on the Boat of Ra, he'd identify even more with a brave pariah who dropped by bathysphere into himself to see why people hurt the way they do; the dream-decoder; the first deconstructionist.