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(bətēk`), method of decorating fabrics practiced for centuries by the natives of Indonesia. It consists of applying a design to the surface of the cloth by using melted wax. The material is then dipped in cool vegetable dye; the portions protected by the wax do not receive the dye, and when the wax is removed in hot water the previously covered areas display a light pattern on the colored ground. Remains of clothing found in Java indicate that the same or similar patterns have been in use for about 1,000 years and are handed down in families. Certain designs were traditionally reserved for royalty and high officials. Motifs are geometric or are based on conventionalized natural objects. Cotton cloth is generally used, and some silk. Batik was first brought into Europe by Dutch traders. In the 19th cent., Western artisans adopted the art.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Malay), a painting technique; also a multicolored fabric decorated by batik. Batik is based on a design applied to the fabric with a composition impervious to dyes. (If the “hot” method is employed, heated wax is used; if the “cold,” rubber glue.) After this, the fabric is dyed in a vat or with the aid of tampons. Other colors are applied by dyeing the fabric again, after parts of the wax outline are removed. The “hot” batik method has long been known to the peoples of Indonesia (especially on the island of Java), India, and others. The basic colors of Indonesian batik are indigo blue and brown; the traditional designs are very varied and often have a symbolic meaning. Batik began to be used in Europe on decorative textiles at the beginning of the 20th century. Batik painting became a popular art form in the Soviet Union in the early 1930’s, primarily on silk kerchiefs and mufflers and later, on decorative panels.


Koriukin, V. N. Batik: Khudozhestvennoe oformlenie tkanei. Leningrad, 1968.
Fiegert, J. Die Kunst des Batikens. Dresden, 1963.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


A method of dyeing fabric in which parts of the cloth not intended to be dyed are covered with removable wax.
The print so produced.
The dyed cloth.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Almanac, batik on canvas, 2018 (left) and Sumerian Sunset, batik on canvas, 2018 Image Credit: Supplied
Similarly, referring to Diagram l-B, make 16 unit 2's with cream and green batik A's, 16 unit 3's with gray and green A's, 30 unit 4's with cream and olive A's, 30 unit 5's with gray and olive A's, 14 unit 6's with cream and brown A's and 14 unit 7's with gray and brown A's.
Batik is an ancient creative art that uses wax and dye to decorate cloth.
From the green batik, cut one 2"x15" strip and one 1 1/2"x22" strip for quadrant 1, two.
And among the many and varied types of fabrics, one tradition stands: batik. In 2009 it was the first fabric to be declared universal heritage by UNESCO.
He said he chose the term batik giraffe because of the animal's curiosity as it never hides even when people are staring at it.
"The children have been finding out how the animals' lives are under threat due to climate change and deforestation and between two of them they have created a colourful batik," said Joe.
The wonderful cracks and veins in the final batiks are what make the batik so captivating to me.
This unit helped second graders gain an understanding of the batik process while learning about mask designs and the Senegalese culture.
Deep, sliding walls pull out not only to enclose the new space, but to expose the rugs and batiks which are pinned to their padded surfaces.
Batiks in the traditional style of central Java are mainly indigo blue-black and brown; secondary colors are deep red and brownish yellow.
materials Assorted Green Batiks 2 5/8 yards total for blocks Assorted Cream Batiks 2 yards total for blocks Assorted Red Batiks 3 5/8 yards total for blocks Red Batik 3/4 yard for binding Backing 7 5/8 yards Batting 86"x 92" cutting Assorted Green Batiks 83 squares (A) 3 1/2"x 3 1/2" 37 squares 6 7/8"x 6 7/8" cut diagonally to yield 74 triangles Z (C) Assorted Cream Batiks 156 squares 3 7/8"x 3 7/s" cut diagonally to yield 312 triangles Z (B) Assorted Red Batiks 73 squares (A) 3 1/2"x 3 1/2" 42 squares 6 7/8"x 67/8" cut diagonally to yield 84 triangles Z (C) 12 squares (D) 6 1/2"x 6 1/2" 7 rectangles (E) 6 1/2"x 12 1/2" Red Batik 9 strips 2 1/2"x 40" for binding The quilting motif is on the pattern sheet.