More effectively still, batterers
threaten to kill those whom the victim cares about, from family members to the family dog.
The Catholic Charities batterer
intervention program is getting similar results.
The risk of violence increases by 500% when batterers
have access to firearms.
Second, the increased presence of domestic violence cases in the courtroom gave batterers
the opportunity to use the legal system as an additional avenue to harass their victims.
Comparison between the two groups showed statistically significant differences; imprisoned batterers
showed a higher rate of distorted ideas about the inferiority of women and the use of violence as a correct way to cope with interpersonal problems.
(73) In addition, prior studies have not yet determined which batterers
are more or less likely to complete batterer
(57) While each state has created their own construct of what constitutes domestic violence, every state that has adopted a rebuttable presumption against awarding custody to batterers
limits the definition of domestic violence to acts of physical or sexual abuse.
Typically, when referred to BIPs batterers
resist treatment (Buttell & Pike, 2003; Chang & Saunders, 2002; Eckhardt, Holtzworth-Munroe, Norlander, Sibley, & Cahill, 2008).
The most widely adopted theory of batterers
intervention services, the Duluth model, was developed with only male perpetrators in mind (Pence & Paymar, 1986,1993).
The breakdown of batterers
identity following police intervention.
can change, and we need to care for and support
The first batterer
intervention program, or BIP, was founded in Boston in 1977 by men who wanted to combat the misogynistic attitudes they viewed as the root of abusive behavior.