batik(redirected from battik)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
(Malay), a painting technique; also a multicolored fabric decorated by batik. Batik is based on a design applied to the fabric with a composition impervious to dyes. (If the “hot” method is employed, heated wax is used; if the “cold,” rubber glue.) After this, the fabric is dyed in a vat or with the aid of tampons. Other colors are applied by dyeing the fabric again, after parts of the wax outline are removed. The “hot” batik method has long been known to the peoples of Indonesia (especially on the island of Java), India, and others. The basic colors of Indonesian batik are indigo blue and brown; the traditional designs are very varied and often have a symbolic meaning. Batik began to be used in Europe on decorative textiles at the beginning of the 20th century. Batik painting became a popular art form in the Soviet Union in the early 1930’s, primarily on silk kerchiefs and mufflers and later, on decorative panels.
REFERENCESKoriukin, V. N. Batik: Khudozhestvennoe oformlenie tkanei. Leningrad, 1968.
Fiegert, J. Die Kunst des Batikens. Dresden, 1963.