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(krāsē`), officially


(–äN–pôNtyö`), village, Somme dept., N France. A nearby forest is popular for camping. At Crécy, on Aug. 26, 1346, Edward III of England defeated Philip VI of France in the Hundred Years WarHundred Years War,
1337–1453, conflict between England and France. Causes

Its basic cause was a dynastic quarrel that originated when the conquest of England by William of Normandy created a state lying on both sides of the English Channel. In the 14th cent.
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. The French forces were armed with crossbows and, although outnumbering the English troops, were overwhelmed by the English longbows. The victory enabled the English to reach Calais. Among the combatants were Edward the Black Prince of England and the blind John of Luxembourg, king of Bohemia, who, fighting for the French, died in the battle. Crécy is also known in English as Cressy.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Crécy-en-Ponthieu, a population point in northeastern France (department of Somme), near which English troops commanded by King Edward III routed the French Army of King Philip VI on Aug. 26, 1346, during the Hundred Years War of 1337–1453. Each side had between 14,000 and 20,000 men. The battle of Crécy-en-Ponthieu demonstrated the complete inability of the French conception of knightly warfare to succeed against the English infantry armed with longbows firing at 300 paces. About 1,500 French knights were killed in the battle. The victory at Crécy-en-Ponthieu enabled the English to take Calais in 1347, and it became their principal base.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


English over French; preeminence of longbow established (1346). [Fr. Hist.: Bishop, 382–385]
See: Battle


first European use of gunpowder (by British) in battle (1346). [Eur. Hist.: Bishop, 382–385]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In each of these topics, students will make connections back to the Battle of Crecy and compare its social implications to those of these other events.
The Battle of Crecy demonstratedthe power of the English longbow, and the Plantagenet Society's archers will show how and why with a display of archery skills.
Andrew Ayton and Sir Philip Preston have written the first largescale account of a key early battle of the Hundred Years War in The Battle of Crecy (Boydell & Brewer, 25 [pounds sterling]).
It is known, however, that the Welsh singled out the vegetable during the Battle of Crecy in 1346, to be worn as a way of distinguishing themselves from their enemies.
Again, it's the French on the receiving end of cold British steel, but this time it's delivered by Edward III's English bowmen at the battle of Crecy in 1346.
A Scottish army of between 10,000 to 15,000 had invaded while King Edward III of England was fighting in France and had defeated the French at the Battle of Crecy, The Scots under King David attacked Hexham before pressing on towards Durham.
[bar] 1346 Edward III of England, aided by his son Edward the Black Prince, defeated the French at The Battle of Crecy. [bar] 1740 Joseph-Michel Montgolfier, pioneer balloonist, was born in Annonay, France.
Set in England and France in 1343, during the Hundred Years War, this exciting adventure culminates with the Battle of Crecy. The story has romance and humor and is filled with detail about life in those times and meticulous descriptions of arms and battle scenes.
Local Freemen - possibly veterans of the battle of Crecy - celebrated their rights by walking the seven-mile boundary route.
He reaped a rich reward with his famous victory at the battle of Crecy in August 1346, where the firepower of English archers wrought havoc on the heavily-armoured but ponderous noble cavalry of the French.
These are also the colours in which Edward the Black Prince dressed his Welsh contingent at the battle of Crecy in 1346.