Plataea

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Plataea

(plətē`ə), ancient city of Greece, in S Boeotia (now Voiotía), on the slope of Mt. Cithaeron (Kithairón). Plataea had voluntarily passed from Theban to Athenian protection before the Persian WarsPersian Wars,
500 B.C.–449 B.C., series of conflicts fought between Greek states and the Persian Empire. The writings of Herodotus, who was born c.484 B.C., are the great source of knowledge of the history of the wars.
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 and stood by Athens at Marathon (490 B.C.). In 479 B.C., Plataea was the scene of the decisive defeat of the Persians by the Greeks under Pausanias (with Aristides commanding the fleet). At the beginning of the Peloponnesian War, Thebes attacked (431) the city. It was besieged for two years (429–427), and then captured and sacked. It was subsequently rebuilt, razed (c.373) by the Thebans, and reconstructed by Alexander the Great.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Plataea

 

an ancient Greek city in southern Boeotia.

Near Plataea on Sept. 26, 479 B.C., during the Greco-Persian wars, a battle took place between the Persian Army, commanded by Mardonius, and the troops of 24 Greek city-states headed by Athens and Sparta, under the command of the Spartan Pausanias. The Greeks held advantageous defensive positions, and the Persians hesitated to attack them. On the night of September 25, the Greeks began a retreat to Plataea. In the morning, believing that the enemy was in flight, the Persians attacked the rear guard, which consisted of Spartans. The Spartans repulsed the attacking forces and, with the aid of the Athenians and the other allies who joined them, overwhelmed the poorly organized Persians. After Mardonius was mortally wounded, the Persians fled in disorder to the Hellespont, pursued by the Greeks. At Plataea, the Greek phalanx again asserted its superiority over the more numerous but irregular Persian infantry and cavalry. The victory at Plataea and the simultaneous rout of the Persian fleet at Mycale led to the liberation of Greece and the Greek cities of Asia Minor from the Persians.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Plataea

an ancient city in S Boeotia, traditionally an ally of Athens: scene of the defeat of a great Persian army by the Greeks in 479 bc
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Is it just coincidence that in the prelude to the battle of Plataea (Hdt.
This is the description of the dispute between the Tegeans and the Athenians before the Battle of Plataea about which of them should be stationed on the left wing.
The oath which the Athenians allegedly took before the battle of Plataea in 479 BC, and subsequently administered to cadets in the following century, contained the following dread proviso:
So it is worth noting that Tegea had been |on very bad terms with Sparta' time before 479, when the town harboured the seer Hegesistratus of Elis who had been condemned to death by the Spartans, but escaped from the stocks by cutting off the flat of his foot.(26) The date for this might be shortly before 490, when the exiled King Cleomenes was stirring up the Arcadians against Sparta.(27) In that year there is some scattered evidence for a Messenian revolt.(28) There could have been a treaty with Tegea between then and Tegea's alliance with Sparta at the Battle of Plataea in 479.