bay leaf


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Laurel

, cities, United States

Laurel. 1 Town (1990 pop. 19,438), Prince Georges co., central Md., about halfway between Washington, D.C., and Baltimore; patented in the late 1600s, inc. 1870. Primarily residential, Laurel has light manufacturing. The Washington, D.C., Children's Center and Laurel Race Course (opened 1911) are there. In the area are the Patuxent Research Refuge, a large Fish and Wildlife Service research installation; Fort George G. Meade (est. 1917), with the National Security Agency; and the National Cryptologic Museum.

2 City (1990 pop. 18,827), seat of Jones co., SE Miss., on Tallahala Creek; inc. 1892. Industries center around petroleum and lumber production and meat and poultry processing. Cotton and corn are raised and there is dairying. Manufactures include automotive parts, wood products, apparel, chemicals, furniture, machinery, and electrical equipment. The city was founded as the site of a sawmill in 1882. Oil was discovered in the vicinity in 1944. Southeastern Baptist College is in Laurel.


laurel

, in botany

laurel, common name for the Lauraceae, a family of forest trees and shrubs found mainly in tropical SE Asia but also abundant in tropical America. Most have aromatic bark and foliage and are evergreen; deciduous species are usually those that extend into temperate zones. The plants are important for aromatic oils and spices, edible fruits, and timber (e.g., from species of the largest genus, Ocotea). The true laurel—that of history and classical literature—is Laurus nobilis, called also bay and sweet bay. It is native to the Mediterranean, where to the ancients it symbolized victory and merit and was sacred to Apollo. The fragrant leaves are sold commercially as bay leaf, a seasoning. Many plants of the unrelated heath family are also called laurels in the United States because of their similarly dark and glossy but poisonous leaves; the cherry laurel is a species of the rose family. A native American laurel is the evergreen California laurel (Umbellularia californica), also called pepperwood, bay-tree, and Oregon myrtle. It grows in California and Oregon and provides wood, medicinal leaves, and fruits that were eaten by Native Americans. Lindera benzoin, commonly called spicebush, benzoin, or wild allspice, is another fragrant species found in America; its powdered berries have been used as a substitute for allspice. All other Lindera species are Asian. The red bay (Persea borbonia) of the southeast coastal plains has very strong, bright reddish-brown heartwood used in cabinetmaking and interior finishing. P. americana, the alligator pear, or avocado (from Sp. aguacate), has been cultivated in Mexico and Guatemala for millennia; it is now grown extensively in Florida and California and many parts of the moister tropics and subtropics for its nutritious oil-rich fruit and is used chiefly in salads. Sassafras (Sassafras albidum), a tree or shrub, was one of the first American plants to command the attention of European settlers, who exported it to the Old World as a high-priced panacea. Its aromatic bark is still occasionally used for medicinal tea, and its pulverized leaves for soup and condiments. Safrole, used in flavorings and medicinals, is obtained from oil of sassafras as well as from the camphor tree. The camphor tree, the cassia-bark tree, and the cinnamon tree all belong to the Asian genus Cinnamomum and are extensively cultivated for their aromatic bark (see cinnamon and camphor). Many of the evergreen laurels are grown as hedges and, because of their handsome foliage, are used by florists. The laurel family is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Laurales.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

bay leaf

[′bā ‚lēf]
(food engineering)
A herb; the dried leaf of the bay tree (Laurus nobilis).
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

bay leaf

A stylized laurel leaf used in the form of a garland to decorate torus moldings.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
I made a fragrant and healing bay leaf oil for my skin and hair.
Stir in the milk, remove the rosemary sprig and bay leaf.
Remove from the heat, discard the bay leaf and allow to stand, covered, for 10 minutes.
TO MAKE THE CURRY CREAM: SWEAT the onion, add garlic, curry powder, butter and a bay leaf. Add chicken stock and potatoes and cook until tender.
Discard bay leaf and slowly add hot broth to meat mixture.
For 6-8 servings you will need 6-8 wild garlic cloves, peeled and crushed; 1 large white onion, peeled and diced; 2 carrots, diced; 2 celery sticks, diced; 50g butter; 2 tsp olive oil; 1 sprig of fresh rosemary; 150g smoked bacon or pancetta, diced; 1 tbsp tomato pure; 500g prepared blanched chestnuts, roughly chopped; 1 bay leaf and chicken stock or water, to cover.
Add the stock, chicken and bay leaf and bring to the boil.
Now you can savour Indian culinary dishes without worrying about your waistline u or so the newly-opened Bay Leaf restaurant at the city's Baron Hotel would have us believe.
Bay Leaf Mobile Kitchen, a food truck located at the corner of Prospect and Flora streets across from the Whatcom Museum, is open for lunch Monday through Friday, 11 a.m.
sliced carrots, 1 large bay leaf (or 2 small), 2 tbsp.
Another vegetarian one-pot dish from Indonesia combines seasonal vegetables, such as cabbage, spinach, onions, corn, potatoes, and squash, with vegetable broth and is flavored with tamarind, cinnamon, bay leaf, garlic, and ginger.
Add a bay leaf to each skewer and refrigerate until ready to cook.