beach grass


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beach grass

or

marram grass

(mâr`əm), any species of the genus Ammophila, perennial grasses used to control the shifting of sand dunes, thereby protecting sandy coastal areas. The European beach grass (A. arenaria) has been used to hold dunes in Europe and was early planted at Cape Cod to bind the sands; later it was used at Golden Gate Park and elsewhere in the United States. The American beach grass (A. breviligulata) is native to dunes of the Great Lakes and much of the eastern seacoast. Beach grasses have creeping rootstocks that rapidly form an extensive root system. Beach grasses are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Cyperales, family Poaceae.
References in periodicals archive ?
This European beach grass is supposed to be an invasive species?
The introduction of beach grass appears to have accelerated a natural cycle of sand advance and dune forestation.
Before long, people were calling Ternyik the Johnny Appleseed of European beach grass, which stays erect throughout the coast's harsh winters and created the foredune that now lines much of the shoreline.
6-mile walk through hummocks of beach grass and past windswept cypress brings you to curving Shell Beach.
FLORENCE - The Siuslaw National Forest had its first wildland fire of the season when a half-acre of beach grass and shore pines burned Wednesday night through early Thursday near the South Jetty close to Florence.
In windy weather, you can find sheltered hiking through high beach grass in the dunes.
Bandon Trail's 6,849-yard layout ends with holes tucked among sand dunes covered with gorse and beach grass, not unlike many of the holes at the two older courses.
Its rumpled landscape, punctuated with clumps of beach grass, offers secluded picnicking and, in spring, great driftwood collecting.
Biologists attribute the decline to loss of nesting habitat due to development of dune areas, the encroachment of European beach grass into former open dune areas, human disturbance of nest sites, and raccoons, ravens and non-native red foxes preying on nests.
Snowy plovers aren't very picky about where they nest - a simple depression in the sand will do just fine, particularly if it's near a chunk of driftwood or a clump of beach grass.
The designers also utilized sand planted with wispy beach grass to enhance the oceanside "feel" of the back nine.
They set about in vast armies, sewing seeds of European beach grass along the windswept dunes in the hopes that the non-native plant would act as a sort of fortress against the scourge.