Beads


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Beads

 

small ornaments that are pierced through and used as necklaces. Since ancient times, beads of various materials have been widespread among most of the peoples of the world. Stone and bone beads appeared as early as the Neolithic age, and metal beads appeared in the Bronze Age. With the invention of glass in ancient Egypt, glass beads began to be widely used. In the Middle Ages glass beads were produced in Venice, Rus’, Middle Asia, and elsewhere. From the 11th through 14th centuries spherical beads of rock crystal and carnelian beads in the form of two pyramids joined at the bases (so-called bipyramidal beads) were used in Rus’. Carnelian was the favorite stone of many peoples for beads, but the form given to it varied from country to country.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
The curate took the coral beads from her neck and examined them again and again, and having satisfied himself as to their fineness he fell to wondering afresh, and said, "By the gown I wear I don't know what to say or think of these letters and presents; on the one hand I can see and feel the fineness of these coral beads, and on the other I read how a duchess sends to beg for a couple of dozen of acorns."
The curate and the bachelor could see plainly enough that the page spoke in a waggish vein; but the fineness of the coral beads, and the hunting suit that Sancho sent (for Teresa had already shown it to them) did away with the impression; and they could not help laughing at Sanchica's wish, and still more when Teresa said, "Senor curate, look about if there's anybody here going to Madrid or Toledo, to buy me a hooped petticoat, a proper fashionable one of the best quality; for indeed and indeed I must do honour to my husband's government as well as I can; nay, if I am put to it and have to, I'll go to Court and set a coach like all the world; for she who has a governor for her husband may very well have one and keep one."
Were I to say "This little fancy business is not mine";' with a lithe sweep of his easily-turning hand around him, to comprehend the various objects on the shelves; '"it is the little business of a Christian young gentleman who places me, his servant, in trust and charge here, and to whom I am accountable for every single bead," they would laugh.
But looking at the old man as he stood quiet with his bead bowed and his eyes cast down, he felt that to relinquish an inch of his baldness, an inch of his grey hair, an inch of his coat-skirt, an inch of his hat-brim, an inch of his walking-staff, would be to relinquish hundreds of pounds.
The beautiful ladies are always gayly dancing around with pink sunshades and bead purses, and the grand gentlemen are politely dancing and drinking ginger pop.
The bead work is beautiful for its lack of complexity.
The mission of Beads of Courage is to provide innovative arts-in-medicine programs that improve the quality of life of children coping with serious illness.
* Repeat to bead the remaining seven design intersections.
Rare and expensive beads made of authentic Kahraman amber from across the world will be on a display at the first edition of "Katara Exhibition for Kahraman Beads", to be held from January 10 to January 12 at Katara -- the Cultural Village premises.
According to reports, the beads will automatically keep track of how many times a user recites a mantra, by counting the number of times the beads pass through a user's fingers.
Working from the fabric wrong side, pull the needle and thread to the right side, through one bead and insert the needle close to the starting point.
"Our new Super Soft Beads are neutrally buoyant, behaving like real eggs in current," Dunbar says.