The first stage of the modular system was the Leds-50 sensor suite which provides hull hemispherical coverage and alerts the crew when their vehicle is being targeted by rangefinder, designator, beam-riding missile
or laser dazzler threats.
South Africa's Kentron Ingwe (Leopard) is a Tow-class laser beam-riding missile
with a maximum range of 5000 metres.
One of the most serious threats is the KBP 9M121 Vikhr (AT-16), a supersonic laser beam-riding missile
that can be used either against tanks or aircraft.
A laser beam-riding missile
is less prone to jamming problems.
Since the mid-1980s, the Israeli Army has been deploying an IR laser beam-riding missile
derived from the wire-guided Hughes TOW.
Command to line-of-sight and beam-riding missiles
like the Blowpipe, Javelin and Starburst belong to a different league.
The unmanned turret has two pairs of Denel Ingwe ('Leopard') laser beam-riding missiles
in the ready-to-launch position with a stabilised day/night system mounted between them.
The development of laser beam-riding missiles
and even specialised anti-helicopter rounds fired from tank guns means that yet another part of the spectrum needs to be monitored for possible threats.
The ADATS employs Contraves search and track radars that can simultaneously follow up to six targets (with growth potential for ten), a Martin-Marietta EO module, and eight laser beam-riding missiles
. The missile weights 51.4 kg and has a range of 10 km.