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Related to beatification: Beatification and Canonization


canonization (kănˌənĭzāˈshən), in the Roman Catholic Church, process by which a person is classified as a saint. It is now performed at Rome alone, although in the Middle Ages and earlier bishops elsewhere used to canonize. Beatification, by which a person is called blessed and his or her cult is approved, requires proof of a miracle through the candidate's intercession (unless the candidate for sainthood was martyred) and proof that the candidate's life was exemplary, and must precede canonization. A candidate for sainthood may be declared venerable before beatification if the person led an exemplary life. Canonization requires proof of at least one additional miracle (occurring after beatification) attributable to the saint.

Until 1983 the process of canonization was like a trial at which the saint was said to be defended by the church; a prosecutor was appointed to attack all evidence alleged in favor of canonization. The prosecutor was popularly called advocatus diaboli [devil's advocate], his opponent the advocatus Dei [God's advocate]. The process has now been streamlined, and the position of devil's advocate eliminated.

The first solemn canonization seems to have been that of St. Ulrich late in the 10th cent. The method of formal canonization was set by the enactments of Urban VIII that came into force in 1634. In the Orthodox Eastern Church, a synod of bishops within a self-governing church has the authority to canonize.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in the Catholic and Orthodox churches the inclusion of some person in the list of saints. In Catholicism it is an act that has been strictly defined with respect to law and public worship. The church-wide method of canonization was introduced by Pope Alexander III during the second half of the 12th century and was fixed in 1200 by Innocent III; the right to canonize became the exclusive prerogative of the Roman popes. In implementing canonization the church always pursues political aims.

Orthodoxy does not have as strict a system of canonization as Catholicism. In Russia church-wide canonization was introduced in the 16th century and was placed under the tsar’s control; from the time of Peter I it was implemented by imperial decree upon the recommendation of the synod.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
No date has been given for beatification, but the Peoria Diocese said Saturday it is beginning preparations for the celebration, which will be held in Peoria.
Ongtioco initiated the process for Ramos' beatification on the request of The Friends of Darwin Ramos Association, according to
Dans un message lu en son nom par le Cardinal, le Pape Francois a exprime la reconnaissance et la gratitude du Vatican au president de la Republique, Abdelaziz Bouteflika pour le soutien, l'encouragement et la facilitation de la beatification. [beaucoup moins que] Il s'agit d'un grand message, d'un signe fort d'amitie et de fraternite de l'Algerie envers le monde entier [beaucoup plus grand que], a soutenu le souverain pontife.
According to the vice-postulator of Kolesaacuterovaacute's cause Juraj Jurica, Saturday's beatification is the result of a church and legal process that began in 2004 and lasted until 2011.A 15-strong tribunal was formed in the Koscaronice Archdiocese to examine whether Anna Kolesaacuterovaacute met the criteria to be beatified, he said, adding that 38 witnesses were heard as part of the process, which produced a 650-page document.
KARACHI -- Federal Secretary Muhammad Younas Dahga has announced to take steps for the betterment of infrastructure and beatification in Korangi Industrial Area(KIA) soon.
It was also a day of joy and happiness for the people of Indore, where the official declaration of the beatification was made on Saturday, 4th November, 2017.
IANS Kochi The beatification of Kerala nun, Sister Rani Maria, was celebrated at her village near here at Pulluvazhy with the bursting of firecrackers and distributing of sweets.
"We are filled with joy at receiving the final date of the beatification of Father Solanus," said Capuchin Franciscan Fr.
Efforts are also being made for the beatification of Safari Park.
Reissued in honor of the upcoming canonization of Mother Theresa by Pope Francis in September 2016 and including Pope John Paul's homily from the Beatification Mass for Mother Theresa, this volume contains her reflections on love, prayer, giving, service, poverty, forgiveness, children and the family, suffering and death, work and service, and being holy.
A naturalized Jesuit priest could soon be the next Filipino saint after Manila Archbishop Luis Antonio Cardinal Tagle has officially opened the process for his beatification and canonization at the Manila Cathedral.
However, in 2013, Pope Benedict XVI stated that the Salvadoran prelate "merits beatification, I do not doubt." A rigorous enquiry which followed has now answered the question.