bedbug


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bedbug,

any of the small, blood-sucking bugsbug,
common name correctly applied to insects belonging to the order Hemiptera, although members of the order Homoptera (e.g., mealybug) are sometimes referred to as bugs, as are other insects in general.
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 of the family Cimicidae, which includes about 30 species distributed throughout the world. Bedbugs are flat-bodied, oval, reddish brown, and about 1-4 in. (6 mm) long. They emit an unpleasant-smelling oily secretion from two glands on their undersurface. All are parasites of warm-blooded animals. The common human bedbug of temperate regions, Cimex lectularis, is largely nocturnal, spending the day in crevices in walls and furniture and in bedding. Its bite causes irritation in many individuals, but it is not known to transmit diseases. It will feed on other mammals and poultry when humans are not available and can live up to a year without feeding. Maturation from egg to adult takes about two months in warm conditions; there may be three or four generations a year. Control methods include steaming, heat treatment, spraying, fumigating, and sealing mattresses and box springs; the bedbug can be difficult to eradicate and has become resistant to some insecticides. Another parasite of humans, C. hemipterus, is common in the Old World tropics. A North American species, Haematosiphon inodora, parasitizing poultry, will also bite humans. Other species attack bats and various kinds of bird. Bedbugs are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Insecta, order Hemiptera, family Cimicidae.

Bibliography

See publications of the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture; B. Borel, Infested (2015) .

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bedbug

 

(Cimex lectularius), a blood sucking insect of the order Heteroptera. The body is flat and oblong. The males measure 4.9-6.4 mm long, and the females, 4.8-8.4 mm. The adults are brownish red, and the larvae are pale yellow. The mouth pierces and sucks. Behind the third pair of legs are glandular openings, the secretions of which have a distinctive pungent odor. Bedbugs infest human dwellings, chicken coops, dovecotes, the nests of birds and bats, and the burrows of rodents. The females lay between 200 and 250 eggs (sometimes as many as 540) in their lifetime. At room temperature the larvae emerge after 17 to 20 days. There are five larval stages. The bedbug is an external parasite of humans and several other warm-blooded animals. It feeds solely on blood. At one feeding the female sucks as much as 7 mg of blood. Control measures include various methods of disinfestation.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

bedbug

[′bed‚bəg]
(invertebrate zoology)
The common name for a number of species of household pests in the insect family Cimicidae that infest bedding, and by biting humans obtain blood for nutrition.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

bedbug

any of several bloodsucking insects of the heteropterous genus Cimex, esp C. lectularius of temperate regions, having an oval flattened wingless body and infesting dirty houses: family Cimicidae
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The common bedbugs, Cimex lectularius, are parasitic insects that feed on the blood of mammals.
Charlestown and Erickson called Reid's claims "unfounded" and "unsubstantiated" in a statement Thursday, adding that the companies have taken appropriate measures to remediate the bedbug issue.
Bedbugs live in cracks and crevices in and around beds.
Once thought to be nearly eradicated, bedbugs have made a comeback due to pesticide resistance and the banning of pesticides like DDT.
If a traveler wants to prevent bedbugs from joining on the return trip home, cover a suitcase in a plastic lawn bag before placing it in the car.
Christine adds: "Now when we go away we do a forensic check of the bedding for bedbugs before we even unpack."
80% of pest control calls due to bedbugs and roaches.
She knew nothing about bedbugs and had to read up on them.
To the relief of Eugene Public Library patrons and employees, a pair of bug-sniffing beagles found no new live bedbugs in the library during a search on Saturday evening, library spokeswoman LaVena Nohrenberg said Sunday.
Biting of bedbug is painful causing nuisance and skin reactions, dermatitis, anaemia, pleuritis, etc (10).
This performance was driven by a problem with bedbug infestations, as well as other insect populations.
They've been out there with shovels and picks, learning how to trench and treat and calibrate; microscopes looking at termite damage and wood-rot damage; and knowing the difference between a bedbug versus a flea."