bee balm


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bee balm,

name for several herbs, especially Melissa officinalis and Monarda didyma, both typical perennials of the family Labiatae (mintmint,
in botany, common name for members of the Labiatae, a large family of chiefly annual or perennial herbs. Several species are shrubby or climbing forms or, rarely, small trees.
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 family) named for their fragrance, attractive to bees and hummingbirds. Melissa [Gr.,=bee] officinalis, also called lemon balm, was introduced to North America from the Mediterranean area, where it has long been cultivated for its lemonlike odor and flavor and, formerly, as a curative for many ailments. The leaves and the oil distilled from them (known as melissa or balm) are widely used for seasonings and beverages. Monarda didyma, also called Oswego tea, is native to E North America and was used, along with other species of Monarda, by the Native Americans and colonists for tea. It is also cultivated as an ornamental for its terminal cluster of red blossoms (sometimes pink in garden varieties). Oswego tea is similar and closely related to wild bergamotbergamot
[from Bergamo, Italy], citrus tree (Citrus bergamia) grown chiefly in Italy, belonging to the family Rutaceae (rue family). From the rind of the bergamot orange is extracted an essential oil used in perfumes and eau de Cologne.
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 (M. fistulosa). The names bergamot and balm are also used for other plants. The bee balms are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Lamiales, family Labiatae.

bee balm

A bizarre-looking, wonderful smelling red or lavender flower that looks kind of like a red sunflower with wilting petals. Flowers look this way because it’s in the mint family. Entire plant is edible and Tastes range from citrus-like to mint or oregano. Sometimes used as flavoring in foods. You can use bee balm flowers any place you use oregano. Both leaves and flowers are edible. Red flowers have minty flavor. Aromatic, delicious leaf tea (which tastes like Earl Grey), is used to expel worms, relieve gas, stomach ache, colic, measles, insomnia, heart problems, colds, spasms. Anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, diuretic, stimulant, anesthetic, gastric problems, insomnia, sore throat, menstrual pain. Main use has been to expel worms.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bee balm prefers rich soil that's not overly dry, and full or dappled sun.
Bee balm lovers sun or partial sun (four hours or dappled sun all day) and rich to heavy garden soil that is a bit moist.
As pastures give way to housing and roadsides are sprayed for weed control, plants like butterfly weed, Queen Anne's lace, and bee balm (scarlet bergamot) need new habitat in order to survive.
Monarda didyma (Bee balm): One of my favorite teas for its flavor.
During our first summer here, we watched ruby-throated hummingbirds visit the flowers of the bee balm, trumpet honeysuckle, verbena and scarlet runner beans I had planted to attract these feisty, flying characters.
On the south side of the fence, triangular-shaped planting beds hold low-growing crops, such as melons, peppers, and squash; herbs; and flowers, such as bee balm and scabiosa, that attract beneficial insects.
Other recommended nectar plants include Caryopteris (blue mist shrub), Monarda (bee balm), Joe Pye weed, asters, sedums, Echinacea (purple coneflower), marigolds, lantana, verbenas and zinnia.
Two species of seed-based plants are among the twice-bloomers: dianthus ("pinks"), which initially bloom in the spring and then again in the fall, and Monarda ("bee balm"), flowering first in late spring and then reblooming in late summer if its spent blossoms are removed.
Also included are agrimony, allspice, apples, basil, bay, bee balm, buckwheat, burdock, caraway, cardamom, catnip, celery, chervil, chives, cloves, cumin, dill, fennel, garlic, horehound, hyssop, lemon balm (also known as melissa), lemongrass, lovage, nutmeg, onions, oregano, parsley, parsnips, rosemary, sage, savory, tarragon, thyme, turmeric, vanilla and yarrow.
There are many magnificent tall plants perfect for rain gardens, such as Culver's root, cup plants, ironweed and Joe Pye weed, but shorter options like bee balm, black-eyed Susan, blazing star, coneflowers and swamp milkweed are more suited to the area where my rain garden will be located.
Wants: chamomile, all kinds of mint, bee balm, coriander, cilantro, feverfew, anise, strawflower, citronella, eucalyptus, hyssop, large aloe plants.
And pioneers brewed Oswego tea from the minty leaves of bee balm, M.