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in zoology, organ found in bees, many wasps, some ants, and in scorpions and sting rays, used defensively as well as to kill or paralyze prey. In the bee and the wasp the venomvenom
or zootoxin,
any of a variety of poisonous substances produced by animals. In poisonous snakes, venom is secreted in two poison glands, one on each side of the upper jaw, and enters the fang by a duct.
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 is produced by glands associated with the ovipositor (egg-laying organ) of the female. As symptoms differ, it is assumed that the venom of each species of insect probably has slightly different chemical properties. The bee's "acid gland" produces histamine and proteinlike substances that are extremely dangerous to persons with specific allergies to them. Adrenaline injections may be lifesaving in such cases. In the honeybee the sting is a minute needle with tiny serrated edges, the teeth of which point backward. This makes it hard for the insect to pull the organ loose and often results in the fatal loss of the sting, the poison gland, and part of the intestine. Hornets, yellow jackets, and other wasps have sharp, smooth stings that can be used repeatedly. A few ants produce formic acid as a venom. The scorpion kills its prey with poison injected by a curved spine at the tip of its tail; the wound is painful to human adults and may be fatal to children. Strictly speaking, spiders bite rather than sting, since they inject their venom by means of fanglike cheliceras. Coelenterates, e.g., the hydra, jellyfish, and certain corals, are equipped with stinging capsules (nematocysts) consisting of a trigger mechanism that, when stimulated, raises the hydrostatic pressure of the cell so that hollow venom-bearing threads are ejected with enough force to pierce the prey. The larger coelenterates, e.g., the Portuguese man-of-war and Cyanea, are dangerous to man. The stingrays, or stingarees, have long whiplike tails bearing one to three sharply toothed, bony, poisonous stingers capable of inflicting painful wounds.


1. a skin wound caused by the poison injected by certain insects or plants
2. pain caused by or as if by the sting of a plant or animal
3. a sharp pointed organ, such as the ovipositor of a wasp, by which poison can be injected into the prey
4. Slang a trap set up by the police to entice a person to commit a crime and thereby produce evidence


A parallel dialect of Scheme intended to serve as a high-level operating system for symbolic programming languages. First-class threads and processors and customisable scheduling policies.

E-mail: <>.

["A Customizable Substrate for Concurrent Languages", S. Jagannathan et al, ACM SIGPLAN Notices, 1992].
References in periodicals archive ?
People who exposed to bee sting may also experience wheezing, difficulty breathing, and a drop in blood pressure that leads to shock if not treated promptly, said Stoppler.
Theodore Cherbuliez, a past president of the society, also pointed out that bee sting therapy, when administered responsibly, is extremely safe.
Given the temporal relationship of our patient's symptom onset with a bee sting and the lack of other readily identifiable causes, we believe that bee envenomation was the most likely cause of TTP.
Deaths from wasp and bee stings are rare: Between 50 and 100 deaths are reported each year in the United States, though there may be many more that aren't attributed to stings, experts say.
Omer El Hussein, a therapist at Bahrain Wellness Resort and Hospital in Janabiya, said he was seeing an increase in the number of people going for the bee sting treatment.
Bee stings are very common and are serious for those who are allergic to them.
In the height of yellow jacket season in late August and September, McKenzie-Willamette will average two to three emergency room visits a day for bee stings, Hambly said.
If you are allergic to bee stings or have a family history of allergies, check with your doctor about carrying a prescription bee sting kit that has adrenalin (such as the EpiPen) ready to be given in an emergency.
A Midland council worker collapsed and died yesterday after suffering a massive allergic reaction to a bee sting.
A normal reaction to a bee sting or mosquito bite lasts a few hours, but these hours can be quite painful and itchy.
If your son's reaction has involved more than swelling at the site of the bee sting, then the doctor may refer your son to an allergist for allergy shots to desensitize him to insect venom.
While some garbage bears can be dangerous top people, Reid insists, "There is a much greater chance of dying from a bee sting than from a bear attack.