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flesh of cattle prepared for food. It has become one of the chief products of the meatpackingmeatpacking
or meat-processing,
wholesale business of buying and slaughtering animals and then processing and distributing their carcasses to retailers. The livestock industry is among the largest in the world.
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 industry and is sold either chilled, frozen, or cured. The leading beef consumers, as well as exporters, are the U.S., the European Union, Brazil, Argentina, and Australia. The carcasses, after being dressed, are split in half along the back and then cut into fore- and hindquarters. In the United States, beef usually reaches local dealers in this form and is cut by them into portions, e.g., shank, round, rump, loins (roasts and steaks), flank, rib (roasts), chuck, plate, and brisket. In addition, the heart, kidneys, liver, tongue, stomach wall (tripe), and tail are edible. The tenderest beef comes from steers (castrated males) and heifers (females that have not calved). The meat should be a clear, light-red color and firm. Beef from older cattle is converted into various products, such as beef extract, sausage, corned beef, and canned or potted products. Beef is a source of proteins, minerals, and vitamins, but many health professionals, stressing risks of heart disease and cancer from eating too much saturated fat, have urged cattle growers to produce leaner, organically fed beef and have encouraged the public to choose leaner cuts, serve a three-ounce portion, and reduce the frequency of beef in the diet.


See J. Simpson and D. Farris, The World's Beef Business (1982); J. Ubaldi, Jack Ubaldi's Meat Book (1987).


The flesh of a bovine animal, such as a cow or steer, used as food.


an adult ox, bull, cow, etc., reared for its meat
References in periodicals archive ?
What are the demographic characteristics of Kansas beef feedlots and feedlot managers?
Effects of graded levels of potato byproduct in barley- and corn-based beef feedlot diets: I.
A typical flight track with respect to the beef feedlot, and the corresponding 3 s run average C[O.
1980) found average concentration reductions of 69 percent for fecal coliforms and 70 percent for fecal streptococci from 21-m (69-ft) long cropped vegetative filter strips treating beef feedlot runoff.
Andrews, who runs a cow herd of 350 head, partners each year with his father to feed 150 head of calves at the Dakota Prairie Beef feedlot.
Despite the fact that Winfrey agreed to a follow-up interview with the NCBA's policy director, the industry took legal action anyway, with a $2 million lawsuit filed against Lyman and Oprah by beef feedlot operator Paul Engler.
Some 200 miles north of Los Angeles, a fierce stench and clouds of dust herald the Harris Beef feedlot.
coli O157:H7 in Beef Feedlot Cattle Using Varying Doses of Direct-Fed Microbial," will evaluate the effects of three different doses of the Lactobacillus acidophilus strain NPC 747 in the feces and on the hides of cattle throughout the feeding period.
This does not include the value of minor elements in beef feedlot manure.