shoe, foot covering, usually of leather, consisting of a sole and a portion above the sole called an upper. In prehistoric times skins or hides may have been tied around the foot for protection and warmth; studies of the foot bones of ancient humans suggest that some form of sturdy footwear was worn by human beings beginning between 40,000 and 26,000 years ago. The shoes found with the 5,300-year-old “Ice Man” in the Tyrolean Alps were made of skins and braided-bark netting and stuffed with straw and moss; an even older, leather shoe, some 5,500 years old, was found in 2008 in an Armenian cave. The sandal, a very early form of the shoe, was worn in Egypt, Greece, and Rome; a more ancient example (c.8000 B.C.), woven from plant materials, was found in an Oregon cave. An early form of the boot was also known in Greece and Rome. The characteristic shoe of the Middle Ages was the soft, clinging moccasin, which extended to the ankle. It was highly decorated and was of velvet, cloth of gold, and, increasingly, of leather. By the 13th cent. the toe had become greatly elongated until a century later the point had to be held aloft by a chain attached to the knee. After 1377 wooden clogs, called poulaines or pattens, were introduced. A forerunner of the heeled shoe, they were fastened under the shoe (if not a part of the shoe itself) to protect it from mud or water. The chopine, an ornamental shoe with a very high sole, went to fantastic heights. After 1500, styles reversed themselves, and the width of the toe was exaggerated; two colors and slashing were often employed to complement the costume. The high heel came into fashion with Elizabeth's reign in the late 16th cent. and was worn by both men and women; the shoe was colorfully decorated with rosettes, lace, and embroidery. France introduced (c.1600) the high-top boot which developed into the cavalier's boot with its wide, floppy top. The late 17th cent. saw the emergence of the square toe, high tongue, and buckles. Heels were lowered, becoming the French curved heel, until they disappeared (c.1780). With the new Empire styles, flat soft shoes with ribbon ties became the style for women, and military boots became the vogue for men. Guilds of shoemakers or cobelers existed in the Middle Ages; in the American colonies, the earliest known shoemaker was Thomas Beard, who arrived in Salem, Mass., in 1629. Early shoemakers worked at home, in small shops, or as itinerant workers who went to homes to make up the annual supply. Hand processes were used until c.1833; thereafter the rapid invention and development of machinery revolutionized the industry; today over 180 different kinds of machines are employed. As machinery became more specialized and the use of leather became primary, shoe styles and measurements became more refined and exact. From the high button shoe of the late 19th cent. to the low-cut pump of modern times (popular after 1920), the range of materials has increased, and styles are designed for every purpose and need.
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A piece of timber, stone, or metal, shaped to receive the lower end of any member, also called a “soleplate”; a metal base plate for an arch or truss shaped to resist the lateral thrust.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
a device for protecting the hoof of a draft animal—horse, ox, donkey, or mule; it may also be used for corrective purposes. Initially, stockings or shoes woven from reeds, bast, straw, or cord were used to protect hooves. They were later replaced by hooked iron plates. All these were fastened to the animal’s lower leg by straps or cords. The modern shoe, which is secured to the hoof with nails, was invented by the Romans no later than the third century A.D. This is attested to by numerous finds in late Roman military camps. Shoes virtually have not changed since Roman times. Mass-produced or handmade from soft steel, they may be smooth or have permanent or removable lugs. The shape of the shoe conforms to the contour of the hoof. For corrective purposes, a round shoe, a shoe with a metal bottom, or a shoe with long lugs is most often used.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
What does it mean when you dream about a shoe?
To dream of shoes may mirror an old cliché, “if the shoe fits, wear it,” and may indicate that the dreamer is coming to grips with accepting who and what they are in their expression in the world.
The Dream Encyclopedia, Second Edition © 2009 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.
In glassmaking, an open-ended crucible placed in a furnace for heating the blowing irons.
A metal block used as a form or support in various bending operations.
A replaceable piece used to break rock in certain crushing machines.
Pieces of steel fastened to a mine cage and formed to fit over the guides to guide it when it is in motion.
The bottom wedge-shaped piece attached to tubbing when sinking through quicksand.
A trough to convey ore to a crusher.
A coupling of rolled, cast, or forged steel to protect the lower end of the casting or drivepipe in overburden, or the bottom end of a sampler when pressed into a formation being sampled.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
On a staircase, a member which is fixed to the upper edge of a close string
to receive the balusters.
A piece of timber, stone, or metal, shaped to receive the lower end of any member; also called a soleplate.
2. A metal base plate for an arch or truss which resists lateral thrust.
A metal protective device for the point or foot of a pile
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
1. a band of metal or wood on the bottom of the runner of a sledge
2. (in baccarat, etc.) a boxlike device for holding several packs of cards and allowing the cards to be dispensed singly
3. a base for the supports of a superstructure of a bridge, roof, etc.
4. a metal collector attached to an electric train that slides along the third rail and picks up power for the motor
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
First consider if you are currently having problems with your feet that are being carried over into the dream state. Otherwise, we only wear shoes that fit us well. Thus, you may be expressing unconscious feelings of self assurance or confidence. You may have issues concerning your selfidentify, but if the details of this dream are supporting, you may be reassuring yourself that you are on the right path and have mastered a degree of self awareness.
Bedside Dream Dictionary by Silvana Amar Copyright © 2007 by Skyhorse Publishing, Inc.