behavior therapy


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Related to behavior therapy: Cognitive behavior therapy

behavior therapy

or

behavior modification,

in psychology, treatment of human behavioral disorders through the reinforcement of acceptable behavior and suppression of undesirable behavior. The technique had its roots in the work of Ivan PavlovPavlov, Ivan Petrovich
, 1849–1936, Russian physiologist and experimental psychologist. He was professor at the military medical academy and director of the physiology department at the Institute for Experimental Medicine, St. Petersburg, from 1890.
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, a Russian physiologist who observed that animals could be taught to respond to stimuli that might otherwise have no effect on them. B. F. SkinnerSkinner, Burrhus Frederic,
1904–90, American psychologist, b. Susquehanna, Pa. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard in 1931, and remained there as an instructor until 1936, when he moved to the Univ. of Minnesota (1937–45) and to Indiana Univ.
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 developed the technique in the United States, using positive or negative reinforcers to encourage desirable behavior and punishments to discourage undesirable behavior. Behavior therapists believe that, in many cases, behaviors can be learned or unlearned through basic conditioning techniques; unlike traditional psychoanalysis, the method has little regard for the unconscious processes underlying personality disorders. Behavior therapy uses such techniques as aversive conditioning, where unwanted habits are paired with unpleasant stimuli, and systematic desensitization, where a stimulus that causes anxiety is paired with a pleasant one.

behavior therapy

[bi′hāv·yər ‚ther·ə·pē]
(psychology)
A mode of therapy that focuses on altering observable and quantifiable behavior of an individual by means of systematic manipulation of environmental and behavioral variables that are thought to be functionally related to the individual's behavior.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hayes (2004) points out that the synthesizing of previous generations of behavior therapy into the present form is one of the primary goals of the third generation of behavior therapy.
During this period, behavior analysis was in the mainstream of behavior therapy. There was a virtual explosion of research on behavior change techniques based upon operant principles (e.g., Ayllon & Azrin, 1965; O'Leary & Becker, 1967; Wolf, Risley, & Mees, 1964).
In the index case, medication was contnued during the course of behavior therapy for management of depressive symptoms and for the anxiety related to the choking phobia.
There are three key takeaways from behavior therapy: positive communication, or giving children your full attention and using the same words with them that they use with you to show that you're listening; positive reinforcement, or praising your child when he or she does something well to incentivize similar behavior in the future; and structure, or setting up daily routines so that children know what to expect and everyday life becomes predictable for them.
Hunter DBT project: Randomized controlled trial of dialectical behavior therapy in women with borderline personality disorder.
Summary of Mode Deactivation Therapy, Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Social Skills Training with two year post treatment results.
All the clients in both treatment and control group were taking the Clomiperamine for the first time as of drug treatment, whereas, the clients in treatment group were taking the behavior therapy for the first time.
Childers also praised the subcommittee's decision to highlight the potential for substance abuse in adolescents with ADHD as well as the importance of obtaining assent in the adolescent population, the comorbidities associated with ADHD, the importance of evaluating younger children in more than one setting to assess symptoms, and the value of behavior therapy strategies.
The change focus is derived from behavioral science, and treatment incorporates standard behavior therapy practices, including chain analysis (described below), skills training, contingency management, and exposure.
Ellis (1913-2007), the influential psychologist/sex therapist who developed Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy, candidly discusses his methods for coping with illness and emotional problems in childhood, his eventful love life, key influences, and dispute with the Albert Ellis Institute for Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy that he founded.
Today with the introduction of some of the effective hypnotherapeutic techniques such as guided imagery, visualization techniques, dream induction, rational emotive behavior therapy and aversion therapy, psychological dependence can be successfully managed.
Cognitive Behavior Therapy: Applying Empirically Supported Techniques in Your Practice, 2nd ed.

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