behavior therapy


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Related to behavior therapy: Cognitive behavior therapy

behavior therapy

or

behavior modification,

in psychology, treatment of human behavioral disorders through the reinforcement of acceptable behavior and suppression of undesirable behavior. The technique had its roots in the work of Ivan PavlovPavlov, Ivan Petrovich
, 1849–1936, Russian physiologist and experimental psychologist. He was professor at the military medical academy and director of the physiology department at the Institute for Experimental Medicine, St. Petersburg, from 1890.
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, a Russian physiologist who observed that animals could be taught to respond to stimuli that might otherwise have no effect on them. B. F. SkinnerSkinner, Burrhus Frederic,
1904–90, American psychologist, b. Susquehanna, Pa. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard in 1931, and remained there as an instructor until 1936, when he moved to the Univ. of Minnesota (1937–45) and to Indiana Univ.
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 developed the technique in the United States, using positive or negative reinforcers to encourage desirable behavior and punishments to discourage undesirable behavior. Behavior therapists believe that, in many cases, behaviors can be learned or unlearned through basic conditioning techniques; unlike traditional psychoanalysis, the method has little regard for the unconscious processes underlying personality disorders. Behavior therapy uses such techniques as aversive conditioning, where unwanted habits are paired with unpleasant stimuli, and systematic desensitization, where a stimulus that causes anxiety is paired with a pleasant one.

behavior therapy

[bi′hāv·yər ‚ther·ə·pē]
(psychology)
A mode of therapy that focuses on altering observable and quantifiable behavior of an individual by means of systematic manipulation of environmental and behavioral variables that are thought to be functionally related to the individual's behavior.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chapter 14: Acceptance and Cognitive Behavior Therapy
Research on Dialectical Behavior Therapy for patients with Borderline Personality Disorder.
Verheul R, van den Bosch LMC, Koeter MWJ, et al Dialectical behavior therapy for women with borderline personality disorder.
Thus, the authors concluded that cognitive behavior therapy and applied behavior analysis differ in terms of their methodological preferences.
Dialectical behavior therapy for substance abuse: A pilot application to methamphetamine-dependent women with borderline personality disorder.
In addition, an entire special issue of Behavior Therapy (Haaga, 2004) was recently devoted to ACT.
The authors have recently updated this concise, systematic guide on Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT).
who said that the first few published clinical trials have reported 82%-90% rates of abstinence from binge eating at the end of the 20-session dialectical behavior therapy program.
Tate and her colleagues divided 91 overweight people into two weight- loss groups: an education-only group; and a behavior therapy group, whose members received a structured weight-loss program online.
More commonly, however, in program descriptions the foundation for adjustment services is not well explicated or entails a mainstream mental health services approach blending psychopharmacological and verbal or cognitive behavior therapy components to address primarily emotional and cognitive factors.
Philadelphia web development company streamlines access to organization's cognitive behavior therapy resources
Managing Therapy-Interfering Behavior: Strategies From Dialectical Behavior Therapy

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