behaviouralism

(redirected from behavioralists)

behaviouralism

or

behavioural approach

a theoretical and empirical approach within US POLITICAL SCIENCE which emphasizes the importance of sociological and psychological determinants of political actions and behaviour rather than confining attention, as is traditional in political science, to narrowly political processes, e.g. constitutional arrangements, legislative procedures. See POLITICAL BEHAVIOUR; compare BEHAVIOURISM.
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As Tullock further pointed out, there "is no endogenous mechanism embedded in behavioral analysis for the subjects themselves to correct their decisions, aside from discovering their poor decisions through behavioralists' findings" (McKenzie and Tullock [1975] 2012, 441).
He examines whether it was dominated by a dogmatic attachment to "party government," and charts the relationship between behavioralists and institutionalists.
As with most schools', to apply to the mid-century disciplinary reformers the label 'behavioralists' is to do injustice to the movement's heterogeneity (Dahl 1961).
Whereas behavioralists tend to see psychological solutions to informational limits, rationalist accounts include the ability of humans to realize their cognitive limitations and design institutions that overcome some of these problems (Boettke, Caceres, and Martin 2013).
Its goal is to help people make "better" choices--i.e., choices more in line with the decisions they would make were they not subject to the cognitive and volitional frailties behavioral economists and cognitive psychologists (collectively, "behavioralists") claim to have identified.
When Hume famously described reason as a "slave to" passion, he was making a descriptive statement about human nature that echoes modern behavioralists, (298) one central to his (and James Madison's) theory of government.
Judicial Behavioralists Test the "Legal Model" of Judicial Decision Making, 26 L.
One factor ignored by commercial pollsters and academic behavioralists alike is the impact of non-voters.
Ecological behavioralists suggest that lobsters clearly express fear, displeasure, and interests both in the wild and in the kitchen.
We had to revisit the impact on families, colleagues, healthcare providers, behavioralists, program administrators and payors.
So far, various important generalizable characteristics have been identified, but behavioralists do not claim that they exist equally among all decisionmakers in all cases and under all conditions.
For example, the postbehavioral era emerged in the mid to late 1960s as some of the leading behavioralists began to question their own way of studying political science.