behavior therapy

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behavior therapy

or

behavior modification,

in psychology, treatment of human behavioral disorders through the reinforcement of acceptable behavior and suppression of undesirable behavior. The technique had its roots in the work of Ivan PavlovPavlov, Ivan Petrovich
, 1849–1936, Russian physiologist and experimental psychologist. He was professor at the military medical academy and director of the physiology department at the Institute for Experimental Medicine, St. Petersburg, from 1890.
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, a Russian physiologist who observed that animals could be taught to respond to stimuli that might otherwise have no effect on them. B. F. SkinnerSkinner, Burrhus Frederic,
1904–90, American psychologist, b. Susquehanna, Pa. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard in 1931, and remained there as an instructor until 1936, when he moved to the Univ. of Minnesota (1937–45) and to Indiana Univ.
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 developed the technique in the United States, using positive or negative reinforcers to encourage desirable behavior and punishments to discourage undesirable behavior. Behavior therapists believe that, in many cases, behaviors can be learned or unlearned through basic conditioning techniques; unlike traditional psychoanalysis, the method has little regard for the unconscious processes underlying personality disorders. Behavior therapy uses such techniques as aversive conditioning, where unwanted habits are paired with unpleasant stimuli, and systematic desensitization, where a stimulus that causes anxiety is paired with a pleasant one.

behavior therapy

[bi′hāv·yər ‚ther·ə·pē]
(psychology)
A mode of therapy that focuses on altering observable and quantifiable behavior of an individual by means of systematic manipulation of environmental and behavioral variables that are thought to be functionally related to the individual's behavior.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cognitive behaviour therapy is a type of psychotherapy that teaches patients how to modify dysfunctional emotions, behaviours, and thoughts and to develop personal coping strategies.
This book on Behaviour Therapy stands out with a rare combination of professionalism and simplicity.
There never was good scientific evidence for the establishment of the specialist clinics, in their present form, in the first place: if cognitive behaviour therapy works, we should expect a cluster of successes around the therapists or geographical areas where they are used and, by contrast, patients lingering ill where they are not.
In line with overseas trends, cognitive behaviour therapy was also readily accepted in Aotearoa/ New Zealand among psychological practitioners and consumers (Kazantzis & Deane,1998; Koong Hean Foo & Merrick, 2004).
Differential effects of manual assisted cognitive behaviour therapy (MACT) in the treatment of recurrent deliberate self-harm and personality disturbance: The POMPACT study.
Behaviour therapy helps people reduce anxiety associated with obsession and reduce or eliminate compulsions.
10: Cognitive behaviour therapy foundations; SafeGuards Training for Children and Adult Services; Windsor ON; 905-889-5030
Cognitive behaviour therapy for chronic medical problems: A guide to assessment and treatment in practice.
Cognitive behaviour therapy in children and adolescents.
Case Formulation in Cognitive Behaviour Therapy: The Treatment of Challenging and Complex Cases, 2nd Edition
In some people, cognitive behaviour therapy and behaviour therapy can also be helpful.
Cognitive behaviour therapy is recommended in preference to pills for mild to moderate depression and they are increasingly prescribed in the NHS as well as being very widely available privately.

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