bench

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bench

1. the bench
a. a judge or magistrate sitting in court in a judicial capacity
b. judges or magistrates collectively
2. Geology a flat narrow platform of land, esp one marking a former shoreline
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

Bench

A seat with or without a back; most often it is constructed of wood.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bench

 

(in Russian, zakhodka), mining term for the part of a shoulder that is to be worked by an excavator. It has the shape of a strip equal to the width of the face.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

bench

[bench]
(geology)
A terrace of level earth or rock that is raised and narrow and that breaks the continuity of a declivity.
(mining engineering)
One of two or more divisions of a coal seam, separated by slate and so forth or simply separated by the process of cutting the coal, one bench or layer being cut before the adjacent one.
A long horizontal ledge of ore in an underground working place.
A ledge in an open-pit mine from which excavation takes place at a constant level.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

bench

1. A long seat, usually of wood, with or without a back, usually for several persons.
2. A berm, 6.
3. Same as pretensioning bed.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.