benzoate


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benzoate

[′ben·zə‚wāt]
(organic chemistry)
A salt or ester of benzoic acid, formed by replacing the acidic hydrogen of the carboxyl group with a metal or organic radical.
References in periodicals archive ?
The results of solubility studies indicated that aqueous solubility of lornoxicam was enhanced in hydrotropic mixture solution of 2 M sodium benzoate as compared to solubility in distilled water.
The experimental values of densities [rho], excess volumes [V.sup.E], viscosities [eta], speeds of sound u, and isentropic compressibility [k.sub.s] of the binary mixtures of methyl benzoate with tetrahydrofuran, 1,4-dioxane, anisole, and butyl vinyl ether at temperatures 303.15, 308.15, and 313.15 K are listed in Table 2.
At day 3 post treatment, emamectin benzoate, abamectin and indoxacarb were found more effective as compared to other treatments in 2015 trial (Table III) and emamectin benzoate, lambda-cyhalothrin and profenofos gave the maximum control of borer infestation in 2016 trial (Table IV).
The release of benzoate into water from the PHBV composite films followed pseudo-Fickian behavior fitted with the power law model.
A pharmaceutical grade sample of alogliptin benzoate (assigned purity 99.4%) was obtained as gift from Jordan Hikma Pharmaceuticals (Amman, Jordan).
110-111[degrees]C, yield = 66%, and [sup.1]H-NMR (DMSO-[d.sub.6]) [delta] (ppm) 1.60 (d, 3H, J = 7.6 Hz, ArCH(C[H.sub.3])N), 2.41 (s, 3H, C[H.sub.3]-C), 2.49 (s, 3H, CO-C[H.sub.3]), 3.94 (s, 3H, OC[H.sub.3]), 5.17 (q, 1H, J = 6.7 Hz, Ar[C.bar]H(C[H.sub.3])N), 7.06 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz, Ar-H, benzoate ring), 7.40-7.45 (m, 5H, ArH), 7.76 (d, 1H, J = 2.5 Hz, Ar-H, benzoate ring), 7.86 (s, 1H, Ar-H, benzoate ring), 10.50 (br s, 1H, NH), and 14.63 (s, 1H, OH); [sup.13]C-NMR (DMSO-[d.sub.6]) [delta] (ppm) 16.8, 24.0, 29.0, 53.1, 53.7, 114.0, 119.0, 122.2, 126.4, 126.6, 128.2, 128.5, 129.4, 143.0, 144.5, 159.2, 159.4, 169.3, and 196.4 (21C).
Addition of different combinations of sodium benzoate and potassium sorbate and citric acid led to a decline in pH of the puree kept at ambient (15-25[degrees]C) and refrigeration (4[degrees]C) conditions as shown in Figure 2.
Chemist Aijun Zhang, with the Agricultural Research Service Invasive Insect Biocontrol and Behavior Laboratory in Beltsville, Maryland, has found a new use for methyl benzoate, namely as an environmentally friendly control for agricultural pests like the spotted wing drosophila fly (SWD), an invasive species from Asia.
The anti-contaminants used in the diets to replace formaldehyde were: potassium sorbate (3.7 g), 2-phenylphenol (1.8 g) and sodium benzoate (3.7 g), compared to a standard diet (formaldehyde - 10 ml) and deionized water as control.
Emamectin benzoate, a macrocyclic lactone biological insecticide (Figure 1), is a new type of high efficient semisynthetic derivative antibiotic insecticide produced from the fermentation product of avermectin Bx.
Since extracorporeal elimination treatments cannot be performed at this stage, patient was loaded with Na phenylacetate/Na benzoate (Ammonul %10/%10 50 ml), with a dosage of 250 mg/kg for 2 hours, and then 250 mg/kg/24-hour infusion, based on previous studies on reducing branched-chain amino acid levels in urea-cycle disorder patients using Na phenylacetate/Na benzoate and NaPB [4-6].