aristata may be attributed to the constituients berberine, berbamine
and palmitine, among them most probably with berberine alkaloid, as in the previous study Yin et al.
In addition, berbamine
, another alkaloid extracted from B.
vulgaris which indicated that the most important constituents of this plant are isoquinoline alkaloids such as berbamine
, palmatine and particularly berberine (10).
Regarding their sources, Berbamine
is extracted from Berberis vulgaris with a reported apoptosis in human myeloma cells (51), (52).
Studies show that the alkaloid constituents with an isoquinolinic nucleus such as berberine, berbamine
, and palmatine are important compounds of this plant  and of these berberine is the most important and predominant.
It contains alkaloids including berbamine
, berberine and berberrubine.
Barberry (Berberis vulgaris): Berberis is a source of vitamin C and isoquinoline alkaloids including berberine, berbamine
, and oxyacanthin.
Berberis aquifolium contains berberine, berbamine
, oxyacanthine and tannins.
Other alkaloids, like the isoquinoline alkaloids berberine, berbamine
and palmatine, have also been shown to have antiinflammatory effects inhibiting serotonin-induced hind paw edema and acetic acid-induced increase in vascular permeability (Kupeli et al.
bealei, include berberine, palmatine, magnoflorine, jatrorrhizine, oxyacanthine, berbamine
, columbamine, isotertrandrine and epiberberine (Ji et al.
Comparison of the anti-arrhythmic effects of matrine and berbamine
with amiodarone and RP58866.
Berberine and berbamine
, the major components responsible for various bioactivities, have been intensively studied and reviewed (Imanshahidi and Hosseinzadeh, 2008; Singh et al.