Berg


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Berg

(bĕrk), former duchy, W Germany, along the right bank of the Rhine River between the Ruhr and Sieg rivers. DüsseldorfDüsseldorf
, city (1994 pop. 574,600), capital of North Rhine–Westphalia, W Germany, at the confluence of the Rhine and Düssel rivers. It is a major industrial, financial, and commercial center; a busy inland port; and an important rail junction.
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 was its chief city. A county in the 12th cent., Berg passed (1348) to the dukes of JülichJülich
, former duchy, Germany, between Cologne and Aachen. At first a county, Jülich was raised to a duchy in 1356, and in 1423 it was united with the county of Berg.
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 and in 1380 was made a duchy. In 1423 the duchies of Berg and Jülich were united. On the extinction (1511) of the Berg-Jülich line, Berg passed to Duke John III of Cleves (see Cleves, duchy ofCleves, duchy of,
former state, W Germany, on both sides of the lower Rhine, bordering on the Netherlands. Cleves was the capital. A county from late Carolingian times, it acquired (late 14th cent.) the county of Mark, in Westphalia, and in 1417 was made a duchy.
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), whose line died out in 1609, setting off a virulent struggle over succession that contributed to the outbreak of the Thirty Years WarThirty Years War,
1618–48, general European war fought mainly in Germany. General Character of the War

There were many territorial, dynastic, and religious issues that figured in the outbreak and conduct of the war.
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 (1618–48). In 1614, Berg was awarded to the Palatinate-Neuburg branch of the Bavarian house of Wittelsbach; the award was confirmed in the Treaty of Cleves (1666). Ceded to France in 1806, Berg was raised to a grand duchy by Napoleon I in favor of Joachim MuratMurat, Joachim
, 1767–1815, marshal of France, king of Naples (1808–15). He left his theological studies to enter the army and fought in Egypt under Napoleon, whom he helped (1799) in the coup of 18 Brumaire.
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. The Congress of Vienna assigned (1815) the duchy to PrussiaPrussia
, Ger. Preussen, former state, the largest and most important of the German states. Berlin was the capital. The chief member of the German Empire (1871–1918) and a state of the Weimar Republic (1919–33), Prussia occupied more than half of all Germany
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.

Berg

1. Alban (Maria Johannes) . 1885--1935, Austrian composer: a pupil of Schoenberg. His works include the operas Wozzeck (1921) and Lulu (1935), a violin concerto (1935), chamber works, and songs
2. Paul. born 1926, US molecular biologist, the first to identify transfer RNA (1956). Nobel prize for chemistry 1980
References in periodicals archive ?
But by the time Berg was off the plane, the correct SAS flight had already departed.
It means van den Berg will join up with Liverpool 's first team immediately rather than continuing his progress with the club's Academy players at Kirkby.
Van den Berg will report to pre-season training on July 6 andhe said is keen to learn from his compatriotand Netherlands captainVan Dijk.
The baseball record books list Berg, the son of Ukrainian immigrants, as being born on March 2, 1902.
Berg spied for the U.S government in Europe and played a large role in America's efforts to undermine the German atomic bomb program during WWII.
Because we affirm the judgment and order of the court in Berg's favor, Berg's cross-appeal is moot.
Berg's most important assignment turns out to be investigating the Nazis' fission-bomb program, a job that takes him to Italy.
Berg was previously an administrative and marketing coordinator with Dynalectric in San Diego.
It was a short distance move, but Berg is thrilled to be staying in the Public Market district.
Although McManus was caught behind in the 41st over with 57 still needed, Berg unleashed some powerful shots and farmed the strike effectively to bring the target closer.