Bergenia

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Bergenia

 

a genus of perennial grasses of the family Saxi-fragaceae.

The stem of Bergenia is shortened and has a fleshy rhizome. The leaves are large, leathery, and radical. On the flower stalk there are 20–40 red or white bell-shaped florets, most often in a corymbose cluster. There are 11 species of Bergenia, found primarily in Central and East Asia; four of these species are found in the USSR. The most important is Siberian tea (B. crassifolia), which is found in the mountainous regions of Eastern Siberia and in northern Mongolia, where it forms large fields in some places. Siberian tea has long been grown as a decorative plant. Bergenia has industrial value (it is used in tanning) and medicinal value. It is a source of tannin, gallic acid, arbutin, and other chemicals.

REFERENCE

Borisova, A. G. “Badan (Bergenia Moench): ego sistematika i khoziaistvennoe znachenie.” Trudy Botanicheskogo in-ta AN SSSR Ser. 5. 1956, issue 4.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
There are lots to choose from and though some gardeners go for varieties with brilliant magenta flowers (many Bergenia cordifolia selections have these), I find those with white or pale pink flowers easier to incorporate.
Bergenia is great for ground cover and will spread rapidly in a suitable setting.
In her famous gravel garden in Essex the queen bee of plantswoman-gardeners is mad about bergenias. In her garden, they're no longer humble utility plants, but are used for dramatic effect.
In low elevations, November is time to plant bergenias or propagate new plants from divided clumps.
Expert tip: Bergenias appreciate good soil, growing happily in shade or sun as long as the soil is not too dry.
Although it has been developed largely for use in greenhouses, I've found it very successful in the open garden, especially among primula and bergenia.
Look out for vine weevils, a continuous pest to pot-grown plants and open ground plants such as strawberries and bergenias.
Bold, striking foliage can be provided by phormiums, contrasting wonderfully with bergenias, commonly known as elephants' ears.
BERGENIAS are among the most useful plants for unpromising situations, as tough as the Siberian mountains where they originated.
At least the bergenias won't mind, as they prefer shady conditions.
Epimediums, Bergenias and Tellima have tough evergreen leaves rich in light-catching chlorophyll and they too flower before the trees leaf up.
Bergenias are superior groundcover plants, with huge thick and leathery leaves ranging from rich greens to deepest plum red, and with some of the best varieties, such as "Abdendglut", striking crimson flowers.