Berg

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Berg

(bĕrk), former duchy, W Germany, along the right bank of the Rhine River between the Ruhr and Sieg rivers. DüsseldorfDüsseldorf
, city (1994 pop. 574,600), capital of North Rhine–Westphalia, W Germany, at the confluence of the Rhine and Düssel rivers. It is a major industrial, financial, and commercial center; a busy inland port; and an important rail junction.
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 was its chief city. A county in the 12th cent., Berg passed (1348) to the dukes of JülichJülich
, former duchy, Germany, between Cologne and Aachen. At first a county, Jülich was raised to a duchy in 1356, and in 1423 it was united with the county of Berg.
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 and in 1380 was made a duchy. In 1423 the duchies of Berg and Jülich were united. On the extinction (1511) of the Berg-Jülich line, Berg passed to Duke John III of Cleves (see Cleves, duchy ofCleves, duchy of,
former state, W Germany, on both sides of the lower Rhine, bordering on the Netherlands. Cleves was the capital. A county from late Carolingian times, it acquired (late 14th cent.) the county of Mark, in Westphalia, and in 1417 was made a duchy.
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), whose line died out in 1609, setting off a virulent struggle over succession that contributed to the outbreak of the Thirty Years WarThirty Years War,
1618–48, general European war fought mainly in Germany. General Character of the War

There were many territorial, dynastic, and religious issues that figured in the outbreak and conduct of the war.
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 (1618–48). In 1614, Berg was awarded to the Palatinate-Neuburg branch of the Bavarian house of Wittelsbach; the award was confirmed in the Treaty of Cleves (1666). Ceded to France in 1806, Berg was raised to a grand duchy by Napoleon I in favor of Joachim MuratMurat, Joachim
, 1767–1815, marshal of France, king of Naples (1808–15). He left his theological studies to enter the army and fought in Egypt under Napoleon, whom he helped (1799) in the coup of 18 Brumaire.
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. The Congress of Vienna assigned (1815) the duchy to PrussiaPrussia
, Ger. Preussen, former state, the largest and most important of the German states. Berlin was the capital. The chief member of the German Empire (1871–1918) and a state of the Weimar Republic (1919–33), Prussia occupied more than half of all Germany
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.

Berg

1. Alban (Maria Johannes) . 1885--1935, Austrian composer: a pupil of Schoenberg. His works include the operas Wozzeck (1921) and Lulu (1935), a violin concerto (1935), chamber works, and songs
2. Paul. born 1926, US molecular biologist, the first to identify transfer RNA (1956). Nobel prize for chemistry 1980
References in periodicals archive ?
Due to the fact that an iceberg of this size is rare, it's difficult to know how it will travel and what its calving means for the berg, the shelf it broke off of and the ocean.
com/massive-iceberg-breaks-antarctica-delaware-sized-larsen-c-iceberg-breaks-2564705) Massive Iceberg Breaks Off Antarctica: Delaware-Sized Berg Breaks Off Of Larsen C
Josef Berg was a very sharp solitary on the Czech musical scene of this period and his early death made him a legendary and cult future.
However by comparison with (for example) his contemporary Boris Vian whose lifetime was even shorter Berg was not able to realise these "parallel lives" and most of his work was left as incomplete sketches.
It has, of course, long been known that Berg was for some time unsure whether to base his second opera on Gerhart Hauptmann's Und Pippa tanzt or on Wedekind's Lulu plays and that some of the ideas originally intended for Pippa eventually found their way into Lulu.
With such unusually large projections into the ocean, the shelves were primed to cast off big bergs.
The roughly rectangular berg measures 92 miles by 30 miles and splintered of the Ronne Ice Shelf into the Weddell Sea.
In "Something on My Own," his lucid, compelling biography of Gertrude Berg (born Tillie Edelstein), the creator and performer of the legendary Jewish American mother, "Molly Goldberg," Glenn D.
Early in his career, Berg managed Mattingly stores in Lebanon, Butler, and Columbia.