berylliosis


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berylliosis

[bə‚ril·ē′ō·səs]
(medicine)
Chronic lung inflammation due to inhalation of beryllium oxide dust.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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For example, the histopathologic features of chronic berylliosis essentially mirror the histologic findings of sarcoidosis.
Berylliosis: acute pneumonitis and pulmonary granulomatosis of beryllium workers.
Soon after the war ended, however, a secret report circulating within the newly created Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) noted that the federal government was "acutely interested in maintaining and expanding production of beryllium." (15) The report cautioned that if the incidence of berylliosis in workers became known outside the defense establishment, the outbreak "might be headlined, particularly in non-friendly papers, for weeks and months," and this might in turn "seriously embarrass the AEC and reduce public confidence in the organization." (16) Rather than risk that embarrassment and a potential reduction in beryllium supplies, the AEC and its contractors decided to keep the incidence of berylliosis under wraps.
([dagger]) Asbestosis is caused by exposure to asbestos, once commonly used in dental laboratories; berylliosis is caused by exposure to the metal beryllium, a component of some alloys used in dental prostheses.
DIAGNOSING berylliosis or sarcoidosis in any patient is almost always a last option for any doctor.
Although BeO is well suited for high power applications in the electronics industry, its dust particles are toxic; if BeO particles are inhaled, they may cause berylliosis, an inflammation of the lungs.
The claims cover a variety of problems, including asbestos-related diseases, silicosis, occupational asthma, coal worker's pneumoconiosis, berylliosis, industrial bronchitis and many others.
Workers who inhale particles of silica are at risk for silicosis, similarly, workers in beryllium mines may develop berylliosis. Interstitial lung diseases may also be caused by inhaling organic dusts such as bacteria.
These include such granulomatous diseases as berylliosis (a disease resulting from exposure to beryllium metal), tuberculosis, farmer's lung disease (hypersensitivity pneumonitis), fungal infections, rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatic fever, and cancer of the lymph nodes (lymphoma).
The diagnosis of sarcoidosis requires clinical and radiographic features known to be associated with sarcoidosis, noncaseating granulomas found on tissue biopsy, and exclusion of known causes of granulomatous diseases such as tuberculosis or berylliosis. (1)
Beryllium binding to HLA-DP molecule carrying the marker of susceptibility to berylliosis glutamate [beta]69.
Berylliosis A lung disease resulting from exposure to beryllium metal.