betalain


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betalain

[′bed·ə‚lān]
(biochemistry)
The name for a group of 35 red or yellow compounds found only in plants of the family Caryophyllales, including red beets, red chard, and cactus fruits.
References in periodicals archive ?
Betalains in the era of global agri-food science, technology and nutritional health.
Pihlaja, "Betalain and phenolic compositions of four beetroot (Beta vulgaris) cultivars," European Food Research and Technology, vol.
As a physical factor, light is especially important for betalain production, as seen in studies carried out on beetroot (Shin, Park, & Paek, 2013) and Suaeda salsa (Wang & Liu, 2006), as it acts in reprogramming plant metabolism.
It is the most important pigment of the betalains family and belongs to the betacyanins group characterized by a red-purple color, such as that extracted from beetroot.
ficus-indica fruit aqueous extract and its betalain pigment indicaxanthin on the proliferation of the human colon cancer cell line Caco2.
It ranks among the 10 most powerful vegetables due to its antioxidant capacity ascribed to the high polyphenolic and betalain contents.
One of the characteristics of beets is the obvious coloration of roots, stems and leaves caused by betalain pigments that can turn them white, yellow, pink or red.
Here are my picks: predicting injury with iPod-based measurement of core stability; five case studies of iron non-deficiency; the ergogenic effects of a high-potassium meal, paracetamol and betalain; and a possible blood marker for overtraining.
The Betalain pigments, especially those from the vine-cacti are excellent pigments due to their beautiful color, their stability in various ranges of pH and heat treatments and their high nutritional value.