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Related to bicarbonate ion: hydrogen carbonate, Carbonic anhydrase, Hco3


A condition of decreased alkali reserve of the blood and other body fluids.



a change in the acid-alkaline balance of the organism as a result of insufficient removal and oxidation of organic acids (for example, beta-hydroxybutyric acid). Usually these products are rapidly removed from the body. In febrile diseases, intestinal disorders, pregnancy, starvation, and such, they are retained in the body; this is manifested in mild cases by the appearance of acetoacetic acid and acetone in the urine (so-called ketonuria). In severe cases (for example, diabetes mellitus) it may lead to coma. Treatment consists of removal of the cause of acidosis (for example, by administering insulin in case of diabetes); there is also symptomatic treatment—soda and an abundance of fluids taken internally.

References in periodicals archive ?
Chemically speaking, carbonate system simply reflects the carbonate species present in an aqueous solution, these species are; carbonate ions, bicarbonate ions and the carbonic acid.
When comparing alkalinity (Figures 2 and 3) with concentrations of total nitrogen (Tables 1 and 2) and phosphorus (Tables 6 and 7) it can be seen that the concentration of bicarbonate ions was up to an order of magnitude higher.
In hard water containing bicarbonate ion a secondary reaction occurs at the anode:
The major quality criteria physicochemical parameters for drinking and irrigation purpose are pH, T, DO, TA, EC, TDS, TH, chloride ion, bicarbonate ion, sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium, etc.
It is believed that it is through this large pore that the bicarbonate ion is preferentially admitted to cancer cells rather than normal cells.
This value represents the bicarbonate ion concentration in the fluid corrected to a normal PCO2 of 40 mmHg and, in much the same way as base excess, describes the metabolic component of a patient's acid-base balance.
It is a little known fact that baking soda (NaHCO3) or salt made up of sodium ions and bicarbonate ions, has a lot of uses including baking, cleaning teeth and as a household cleanser.
Because of the body's need to restore the balance of negative charges, the loss of chlorine ions in the sweat results in retention of the second most abundant ions in the organism, bicarbonate ions (HC[O.
The mechanism for the buffering effect of saliva involves the activity of the bicarbonate ions.
Blood gas analyzers also measure electrolytes such as sodium, calcium, chloride ions, and bicarbonate ions.
The researchers found that the pancreas and liver extract bicarbonate ions mostly from the blood.
The microelectrodes also showed that the concentration of bicarbonate ions and pressure of carbon dioxide simultaneously rise along the gland.