biennial


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biennial,

plant requiring two years to complete its life cycle, as distinguished from an annualannual,
plant that germinates from seed, blossoms, produces seed, and dies within one year. Annuals propagate themselves by seed only, unlike many biennials and perennials. They are thus especially suited to environments that have a short growing season.
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 or a perennialperennial,
any plant that under natural conditions lives for several to many growing seasons, as contrasted to an annual or a biennial. Botanically, the term perennial applies to both woody and herbaceous plants (see stem) and thus includes numerous members of the kingdom.
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. In the first year a biennial usually produces a rosette of leaves (e.g., the cabbage) and a fleshy root, which acts as a food reserve over the winter. During the second year the plant produces flowers and seeds and, having exhausted its food reserve, then dies. Short-lived perennials (e.g., the hollyhock) are often treated as biennials. Some biennials will, like annuals, bloom in the same season if sown early; others reseed themselves or produce offsets, thus perpetuating the plant indefinitely so that it becomes essentially a perennial. There are very few true biennials. Many are crop plants, such as carrots and parsnips, which are harvested for their succulent roots at the end of their first growing season.

biennial

a plant, such as the carrot, that completes its life cycle within two years, developing vegetative storage parts during the first year and flowering and fruiting in its second year
References in periodicals archive ?
The purpose of a biennial is to publicize not only lesser-known artists, whose work may not be as commercial as others, but the city or country--or uninhabitable continent--hosting it.
The Liverpool Biennial is the UK's largest contemporary arts festival, with this year being the ninth Biennial held in the city.
The 10th edition of the international contemporary art show in 2007 drew 91,000 visitors, while the 2009 biennial was seen by 101,000 people.
During her tour of the biennial, Shaikha Jawaher visited an art workshop held outside the Sharjah Arts Museum and created a special drawing on musical development through the arts.
The three key exhibitions that set the template for the Asian biennial were the Gwangju Biennale in South Korea (established 1995), the Fukuoka Triennale in Japan (1999) and the Asia Pacific Triennial of Contemporary Art, in Queensland, Australia (1993).
Running from March 13 to May 13, the biennial will comprise a range of events including performances, films, lectures, and the annual March Meeting which explores its concept from March 14-17.
The Dubai Helishow 2012 - a biennial helicopter exhibition - will be held on 6-8 November this year at Meydan Racecourse (Photo courtesy of Photo courtesy of Mark Mennie, official photographer)
1) Biennial Amendment 6-Biennial Elections This amendment changed the winner of elections from a plurality to receiving the majority of voters present.
She said: "Liverpool Biennial is a landmark project and as the UK's Biennial it has become one of the best reviewed and attended arts events in Britain.
The petition includes a pledge by signatories to boycott the biennial, the foundation, and all cultural initiatives in Sharjah if demands for public acknowledgement and discussion of censorship are not met.
Throughout the entire month of July, the Biennial celebration will offer visitors cross-cultural experiences through a wide array of art exhibits, live music, and special cultural programming.
Seed of these biennial flowers can be sown now right through to early July to provide a riot of nostalgic colour next year - and virtually all of them are very easy to grow and manage.