bignonia


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bignonia

(bĭgnō`nēə), common name for the family Bignoniaceae, a family of chiefly woody vines of the American tropics and also a few shrubs and trees. The trumpet creeper (of the genus Bignonia) and the trumpet flower, or trumpet vine (of the genus Campsis), both found wild in the SE United States, are sometimes cultivated for their orange-red trumpet-shaped flowers. The calabash tree of the tropics bears large fruits from which carrying gourds (called calabashes) are made and used locally; its wood is used for making pipes. The Catalpa genus of trees with showy flowers is valued in the United States for ornament and shade. The highly durable wood is used for lumber, as is that of the South American genus Jacaranda and of the West Indian boxwood (genus Tabebuia). The bignonias are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Scrophulariales.
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catalpa

catalpa

Tree with large oval leaves up to 10 inches (25cm) long. Clustered whitish flowers with 2 orange stripes and lots of purple spots inside. Cigar-like winged seedpods, used as sedative and tea for asthma and bronchitis. Bark tea used to expel worms, antiseptic, laxative, sedative.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
References in periodicals archive ?
Pandorea is a less common conservatory plant, also known as Bignonia semperflorens.
Catalpas belong to the Bignonia family, which are mostly tropical plants.
vera, Pithecellobium longifolium, Senna alata, Zygia longifolia (Janzen & Hallwachs, 2009); [Sapindaceae] Paullinia fibrigera (DeVries et al., 1992; DeVries, 1997); [Euphorbiaceae] Omphalea diandra (DeVries et al., 1992; DeVries, 1997); [Polygalaceae] Securidaca diversifolia (DeVries et al., 1992; DeVries, 1997); Securidaca sylvestris (Janzen & Hallwachs, 2009); [Polygonaceae] Coccoloba manzinellensis (DeVries, 1997); Triplaris melaenodendron (Janzen & Hallwachs, 2009); [Bignoniaceae] Bignonia corymbosa (DeVries et al., 1992) Pachyptera kerere (DeVries et al., 1992; DeVries, 1997); [Passifloraceae] Turnera ulmifolia (DeVries, 1997); [Malpighiaceae] Heteropterys laurifolia (DeVries, 1997); Stigmaphyllon sp.
(Bignoniaceae) (also known as Pyrostegia ignea and Bignonia venusta) is a liana creeper that easily adapts to hygrophyte and mesophyte environments.
7 Mar 1825 (Bignoniaceae).--Type: Bignonia L.; Bignoniaceae Juss., 1789.
Ground flora included members of the Chasmanthium group as well as a rich assemblage of mesophytic plants including Florida maple (Acer barbatum Michx.), cross vine (Bignonia capreolata L.), Christmas fern (Polystichum acrostichoides (Michx.) Shott.) and Canada snakeroot (Sanicula canadensis L.) that were not found elsewhere.
Castanea alnifolia, Diospyros virginiana, Prunus serotina, Crataequs spathulata, Chionanthus virginica, Ilex decidua, Parthenocissus quinquefolia, Acer saccharum, Ilex opaca, Cercis canadensis, Forestiera ligustrina, Quercus nigra, Ampelopsis arborea, Bignonia capreolata, Smilax smallii, Celtis laevigata, Prunus umbellata, Acer rubrum, Smilax bonanox, Vitis mustangesis, Smilax glauca, Asimina parviflora.