bilingual education


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bilingual education,

the sanctioned use of more than one language in U.S. education. The Bilingual Education Act (1968), combined with a Supreme Court decision (1974) mandating help for students with limited English proficiency, requires instruction in the native languages of students. The National Association for Bilingual Education (founded 1975) is the main U.S. professional and advocacy organization for blingual education. Critics (including the national group English First), who maintain that some students never join mainstream classes, have attempted to make English the "official" language in several states and cities; state ballot initiatives approved in California (1998) and Arizona (2000) mostly eliminated bilingual education programs there. Bilingualism proponents note the importance of ethnic heritage and the preservation of language and culture, as well as the need to educate non-English-speaking students in all subjects, not just English.

Bibliography

See K. Hakuta, Mirror of Language: The Debate on Bilingualism (1986); J. Cummins and D. Corson, Bilingual Education (1997); and H. Kloss, The American Bilingual Tradition (1998).

References in periodicals archive ?
Using the same technique to examine the gains made by the two groups following the implementation of Prop 227, Bali found that putting these same students in a structured immersion classroom the next year eliminated the small gap between English Learners who had been in bilingual education and those not in bilingual education.
It is a prestigious international award for young teachers who identify themselves as emerging leaders and has a particular focus on teachers who are interested in bilingual education.
Ji-Mei Chang explained the model of bilingual education that will be used.
HISTORICAL OVERVIEW OF BILINGUAL EDUCATION IN THE UNITED STATES
But a decade after the 61-39 landslide victory of Ron's initiative, Proposition 227, put bilingual education on the ropes in California, America's forerunner state, it's time to review how the seemingly predestined triumph of bilingualism was knocked off track.
While these studies convincingly demonstrate the effectiveness of bilingual education in a kindergarten though grade 12 student population, much less evidence exists regarding the effectiveness of bilingual education in a preschool setting.
On that day, Californians voted to end bilingual education and the use of languages other than English for instruction in the public schools.
Key issues in bilingualism and bilingual education.
1992; Collier, 1992; Cummins, 1994; Krashen, 1994; Rossell, 1992; Willig, 1985), proponents of bilingual education have long stressed that the use of primary language instruction facilitates second-language acquisition (Cummins, 1994; Krashen, 1994; Ramirez, 1992; Thonis, 1994; Ulanoff, 1995).
In recent years, the role of bilingual education as the dominant pedagogy for teaching immigrant students has been challenged by federal and state policy reforms.
The reply to opposition of bilingual education is given by Danesi who states that:

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