binary system

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Related to binary system: decimal system, Binary star system

binary system,

numerationnumeration,
in mathematics, process of designating numbers according to any particular system; the number designations are in turn called numerals. In any place value system of numeration, a base number must be specified, and groupings are then made by powers of the base number.
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system based on powers of 2, in contrast to the familiar decimal systemdecimal system
[Lat.,=of tenths], numeration system based on powers of 10. A number is written as a row of digits, with each position in the row corresponding to a certain power of 10.
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, which is based on powers of 10. In the binary system, only the digits 0 and 1 are used. Thus, the first ten numbers in binary notation, corresponding to the numbers 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9 in decimal notation, are 0, 1, 10, 11, 100, 101, 110, 111, 1000, and 1001. Since each position indicates a specific power of 2, just as the number 342 means (3 × 102) + (4 × 101) + (2 × 100), the decimal equivalent of a binary number can be calculated by adding together each digit multiplied by its power of 2; for example, the binary number 1011010 corresponds to (1 × 26) + (0 × 25) + (1 × 24) + (1 × 23) + (0 × 22) + (1 × 21) + (0 × 20) = 64 + 0 + 16 + 8 + 0 + 2 + 0 = 90 in the decimal system. Binary numbers are sometimes written with a subscript "b" to distinguish them from decimal numbers having the same digits. As with the decimal system, fractions can be represented by digits to the right of the binary point (analogous to the decimal point). A binary number is generally much longer than the decimal equivalent; e.g., the number above, 1011010b, contains seven digits while its decimal counterpart, 90, contains only two. This is a disadvantage for most ordinary applications but is offset by the greater simplicity of the binary system in computercomputer,
device capable of performing a series of arithmetic or logical operations. A computer is distinguished from a calculating machine, such as an electronic calculator, by being able to store a computer program (so that it can repeat its operations and make logical
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applications. Since only two digits are used, any binary digit, or bit, can be transmitted and recorded electronically simply by the presence or absence of an electrical pulse or current. The great speed of such devices more than compensates for the fact that a given number may contain a large number of digits.

binary system

[′bīn·ə·rē ′sis·təm]
(astronomy)
(engineering)
Any system containing two principal components.
(mathematics)
References in periodicals archive ?
"We have been able to find out a lot about these stars, such as how much they weigh, because they are in a binary system. This will really help us to interpret the pulsation signal and so figure out how these stars survived the collision and what will become of them over the next few billion years," said Maxted.
Table-3: Values of density (),viscosity (n), Excess volume (VE) and viscosity deviations (In), for binary System of 2,5 Hexandione (x1) with cyclohexanol (x2) at 298.15, 303.15,308.15 and 313.15 K
Lijing Shao (Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy, Germany) and colleagues tested for this effect using the binary system PSR J1713+0747.
In an international collaboration between Japan and Sweden, scientists clarified how gravity affects the shape of matter near the black hole in binary system Cygnus X-1.
Adding to that list is the discovery of an X-ray pulsar with the fastest known orbit for its class of pulsar binary systems.
And after analysing the properties and spatial distribution of the binary systems and extrapolating their observations they concluded there must be anywhere from 300 to 500 binaries and about 10,000 isolated black holes in the area surrounding area.
Astronomers made this important discovery by observing a very dim binary system dubbed J1433, which is situated about 730 light-years from our solar system.
If that's common behavior for bodies orbiting binary planets -- or binary systems in general -- we may have some idea of where not to waste our time looking for signs of ET.
It orbited one of two stars in its binary system at about the same distance Earth orbits the Sun, but the star was much dimmer than the Sun, meaning the planet was extremely cold, at around minus 210 degrees centigrade, and unlikely to harbor life on its surface.
Novae are thought to occur when a white dwarf star in a binary system explodes.
CQ Cephei (= WR155= HD214419) is a magnitude 8.6 to 9.1 eclipsing binary system with a period of ~1.64 days.
The quiz was a numbers game with 30 questions ranging from how many miles in a marathon, what is the largest number in the binary system, how many pairs of ribs does an adult have and how many keys on a piano.

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