bioelectronics

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bioelectronics

[¦bī·ō‚i‚lek′trän·iks]
(biophysics)
The application of electronic theories and techniques to the problems of biology.
The use of biotechnology in electronic devices such as biosensors, molecular electronics, and neuronal interfaces; more speculatively, the use of proteins in constructing circuits.

Bioelectronics

A discipline in which biotechnology and electronics are joined in at least three areas of research and development: biosensors, molecular electronics, and neuronal interfaces. Some workers in the field include so-called biochips and biocomputers in this area of carbon-based information technology. They suggest that biological molecules might be incorporated into self-structuring bioinformatic systems which display novel information processing and pattern recognition capabilities, but these applications—although technically possible—are speculative.

Of the three disciplines—biosensors, molecular electronics, and neuronal interfaces—the most mature is the burgeoning area of biosensors. The term biosensor is used to describe two sometimes very different classes of analytical devices—those that measure biological analytes and those that exploit biological recognition as part of the sensing mechanism—although it is the latter concept which truly captures the spirit of bioelectronics. Molecular electronics is a term coined to describe the exploitation of biological molecules in the fabrication of electronic materials with novel electronic, optical, or magnetic properties. Finally, and more speculatively, bioelectronics incorporates the development of functional neuronal interfaces which permit contiguity between neural tissue and conventional solid-state and computing technology in order to achieve applications such as aural and visual prostheses, the restoration of movement to the paralyzed, and even expansion of the human faculties of memory and intelligence. The common feature of all of this research activity is the close juxtaposition of biologically active molecules, cells, and tissues with conventional electronic systems for advanced applications in analytical science, electronic materials, device fabrication, and neural prostheses.

References in periodicals archive ?
10, 2015 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Stimulating the vagus nerve is a potentially efficacious and safe way to stop the flow of blood and prevent hemorrhagic complications following surgery and other invasive procedures, according to a researcher in the Center for Bioelectronic Medicine at The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research.
The $50m ([pounds sterling]32m, E37m) fund - called Action Potential Venture Capital - would complement the work of GSK's bioelectronics research division, created in 2012.
Lab-on-chip devices will irrevocably influence medicine, chemistry, biology, biotechnology and bioelectronics.
Bioelectronic vision; retina models, evaluation metrics, and system design.
Prior to leading the Imaging Systems division, he served as technical manager for Sarnoff Bioelectronic Systems.
Nano-electrotechnologies include the following areas at the nanoscale: nanostructured sensors; nano-electronics, nano-materials and nano-devices; optoelectronics; optical materials and devices; organic (opto)-electronics; magnetic materials and devices; radio frequency devices, components and systems; electrodes with nanostructured surfaces; electrotechnical properties of nanotubes/nanowires; analytical equipment and techniques for measurement of electrotechnical properties; patterning equipment and techniques; masks and lithography; performance, durability, and reliability assessment for nanoelectronics; batteries; fuel cells; and bioelectronic applications.
Convergent micro- and nano-systems will have not only digital and portable wireless electronics, but also bioelectronic functions.
Other centres include the Institute for Bioelectronic and Molecular Microsystems, ICON - the Centre for Industrial and Commercial Optoelectronics - and the Centre for Applied Marine Sciences.
San Diego, CA), developer of advanced diagnostic products, announced that it was issued United States Patent 6,864,071, "Multiplex amplification and separation of nucleic acid sequences using ligation-dependent strand displacement amplification and bioelectronic chip technology," by the United States Patent and Trademark Office.
The actual mechanism for energy healing could be a focused bioelectronic wave that moves between healer and client, initiated by intention or expectation in the nurse healer's field (Leddy, 2003).
The three centres of excellence are The Centre for Advanced and Renewable Material (Carm), Industrial and Commercial Optoelectronics (Icon) and the Institute for Bioelectronic and Molecular Microsystems (IBMM).