bioelectronics

(redirected from bioelectronic)
Also found in: Dictionary, Medical.

bioelectronics

[¦bī·ō‚i‚lek′trän·iks]
(biophysics)
The application of electronic theories and techniques to the problems of biology.
The use of biotechnology in electronic devices such as biosensors, molecular electronics, and neuronal interfaces; more speculatively, the use of proteins in constructing circuits.

Bioelectronics

A discipline in which biotechnology and electronics are joined in at least three areas of research and development: biosensors, molecular electronics, and neuronal interfaces. Some workers in the field include so-called biochips and biocomputers in this area of carbon-based information technology. They suggest that biological molecules might be incorporated into self-structuring bioinformatic systems which display novel information processing and pattern recognition capabilities, but these applications—although technically possible—are speculative.

Of the three disciplines—biosensors, molecular electronics, and neuronal interfaces—the most mature is the burgeoning area of biosensors. The term biosensor is used to describe two sometimes very different classes of analytical devices—those that measure biological analytes and those that exploit biological recognition as part of the sensing mechanism—although it is the latter concept which truly captures the spirit of bioelectronics. Molecular electronics is a term coined to describe the exploitation of biological molecules in the fabrication of electronic materials with novel electronic, optical, or magnetic properties. Finally, and more speculatively, bioelectronics incorporates the development of functional neuronal interfaces which permit contiguity between neural tissue and conventional solid-state and computing technology in order to achieve applications such as aural and visual prostheses, the restoration of movement to the paralyzed, and even expansion of the human faculties of memory and intelligence. The common feature of all of this research activity is the close juxtaposition of biologically active molecules, cells, and tissues with conventional electronic systems for advanced applications in analytical science, electronic materials, device fabrication, and neural prostheses.

References in periodicals archive ?
The company is in the early stages of animal testing its bioelectronic prototypes, but executives are hopeful the Verily partnership will expedite the advent of human trials, where the devices can prove their mettle against autoimmune conditions, diabetes, and endocrine disorders.
Endonovo Therapeutics is a biotechnology company developing bioelectronic devices and medicines.
GSK's chairman of global vaccines Moncef Slaoui said: "This agreement with Verily to establish Galvani Bioelectronics signals a crucial step forward in GSK's bioelectronics journey, bringing together health and tech to realise a shared vision of miniaturised, precision electrical therapies.
Critique: Rejuvenation therapies that could potentially extend human lifespans to 160 years or more, chemical or bioelectronic cognitive enhancement that could double or triple IQ scores, bioelectronic devices for modulating brain processes including "pleasure centers", so-called "designer babies", and much more are poised to cross the threshhold from science fiction to reality in the near future.
A bioelectronic nose that mimics that of a human can "smell" traces of bacteria in water, using the receptors from the human nose, without the need for complex equipment and testing.
Its other laboratory developed tests developed with bioelectronic technology includes Troponin I, thyroid stimulating hormone, glucose, cholesterol and other lipids.
A NOVEL BIOELECTRONIC CHIP FOR NONINVASIVE, VERSATILE CANCER DETECTION.
It has invested PS32million in bioelectronic technology - medicines that use electrical impulses to influence the body's nerves.
OTCQB: ENDV), a developer of novel cell-free therapies, has filed a patent on bioelectronic technologies, devices and therapies.
Moyer begins her lecture by defining all living system as controlled by a bioelectronic field of energy/information to which all material processes are subordinate.
Isolation of cultured cervical carcinoma cells mixed with peripheral blood cells on a bioelectronic chip.
It operates a wide range of R&D and prototyping services for the semiconductor, optoelectronic, bioelectronic and nanoelectronic market places.