bioelectronics


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bioelectronics

[¦bī·ō‚i‚lek′trän·iks]
(biophysics)
The application of electronic theories and techniques to the problems of biology.
The use of biotechnology in electronic devices such as biosensors, molecular electronics, and neuronal interfaces; more speculatively, the use of proteins in constructing circuits.

Bioelectronics

A discipline in which biotechnology and electronics are joined in at least three areas of research and development: biosensors, molecular electronics, and neuronal interfaces. Some workers in the field include so-called biochips and biocomputers in this area of carbon-based information technology. They suggest that biological molecules might be incorporated into self-structuring bioinformatic systems which display novel information processing and pattern recognition capabilities, but these applications—although technically possible—are speculative.

Of the three disciplines—biosensors, molecular electronics, and neuronal interfaces—the most mature is the burgeoning area of biosensors. The term biosensor is used to describe two sometimes very different classes of analytical devices—those that measure biological analytes and those that exploit biological recognition as part of the sensing mechanism—although it is the latter concept which truly captures the spirit of bioelectronics. Molecular electronics is a term coined to describe the exploitation of biological molecules in the fabrication of electronic materials with novel electronic, optical, or magnetic properties. Finally, and more speculatively, bioelectronics incorporates the development of functional neuronal interfaces which permit contiguity between neural tissue and conventional solid-state and computing technology in order to achieve applications such as aural and visual prostheses, the restoration of movement to the paralyzed, and even expansion of the human faculties of memory and intelligence. The common feature of all of this research activity is the close juxtaposition of biologically active molecules, cells, and tissues with conventional electronic systems for advanced applications in analytical science, electronic materials, device fabrication, and neural prostheses.

References in periodicals archive ?
Moncef Slaoui, chairman of GSK's global vaccines group and board chairman of Galvani Bioelectronics (its partnership with Verily), believes Google's experience and technology pedigree will compliment the work GSK has already accomplished in bioelectronics.
BioElectronics Corporation is a prover of biophysics and the maker of a family of disposable, drug-free, anti- inflammatory devices: ActiPatch Therapy, over-the-counter treatment for back pain and other musculoskeletal complaints; RecoveryRx Devices for chronic and post- operative wound care; Allay Menstrual Pain Therapy; and HealFast Therapy for dogs, cats and horses.
The sciences underpinning bioelectronics, Slaoui says, are proceeding at "an amazing pace" at academic centers around the world, but the work is happening in separate places.
Screen-printed electrodes based on carbon nanotubes and cytochrome P450scc for highly sensitive cholesterol biosensors, Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 24(1), 148-150 (2008).
The findings, just published online in Biosensors and Bioelectronics, a professional journal, bring the researchers one step closer to technology that could clean biowaste at the same time it produces useful levels of electricity.
This work was supported by the NIST Innovations in Measurement Science Cellular Biometrology Program and the Electronics and Electrical Engineering Laboratory (EEEL) Director's Reserve Program for Bioelectronics.
Seth Ostlund, an Air Force Research Laboratory bioelectronics chemist from Wright Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio.
As published in the August issue of the journal "Biosensors and Bioelectronics," a team of researchers supported by the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR), part of the National Institutes of Health, report they have developed an ultra-sensitive optical protein sensor, a first for a salivary diagnostic test.
These electronics and bioelectronics devices, advanced interconnects, batteries, thermal solutions and other user interfaces such as connectors and cables can lead to multifunctional systems in the short term and more integrated gigafunctional systems in the long run.
Content will cover such topics as cloning, design of proteins, genomics, bioelectronics, bioinformatics, self-assembly of macromolecules, and cell imaging, An annual subscription costs $300 for individuals and $575 for institutions.
The US market for biosensors and bioelectronics reached $1.
He contributed significantly to bioelectronics, a new branch of science, and initiated paleobiophysics--a new discipline in paleobiology.