Using custom-designed printers that can create both a synthetic scaffold and materials, bioengineers
have printed prototype heart valves, artificial bone, joints, vascular tubes, dental implants, and skin grafts.
Spector said that the best time to implant a bioengineered
ear on a child would be when they are about 5 or six 6 old.
In the new paper, the bioengineers
report results of human bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells growing in the new microenvironment.
The author observed that the female bioengineers
featured during the oral presentations really captured the attention of the participants.
Taste is not the primary problem with bioengineered
, or transgenic, food, nor is there much evidence that they cause adverse health effects.
food commodities that are either hitting the market or in late stages of development include soybeans, corn, tomatoes, potatoes and oilseeds.
We were among the first to insert new genes into corn, a troublesome grain to bioengineer
. [See box at right.] We attracted funding from Cotton Incorporated to genetically engineer cotton so it won't be killed by accidental drift of chemicals from neighboring fields.
often regard the enzyme that makes this chemical energy as the ultimate molecular machine.
Plant breeders and bioengineers
foresee vegetable varieties with additional amounts of antioxidant vitamins (A, C and E) and perhaps beta carotene.
Oregon researchers' triumph in slipping a bit of another creature's genome into a monkey has proved that the feat's possible, but even the bioengineers
themselves caution that their technique may not be the best one for future monkey business.
have the opportunity to influence the control and understanding of biological processes in the same way that chemical engineers influenced control and understanding of chemical processes in the 20th century.
The first professional organizations for bioengineers
were formed just before these events; during their early phases they focused on promoting the development, application, and exchange of technical information.