bioethics


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bioethics

bioethics, in philosophy, a branch of ethics concerned with issues surrounding health care and the biological sciences. These issues include the morality of abortion, euthanasia, in vitro fertilization, and organ transplants (see transplantation, medical). In the 1970s bioethics emerged as a discipline with its own experts, often professional philosophers, who developed university courses on the subject. Many hospitals now employ experts on bioethics to advise on such issues as how to treat terminally ill patients and to allocate limited resources. Advances in health care, the development of genetic testing and screening, and the new research in genetic engineering, including gene therapy, have also given rise to questions in bioethics.

Bibliography

See W. T. Reich, ed., Encyclopedia of Bioethics (4 vol., 1978); H. T. Engelhardt, The Foundations of Bioethics (1986); R. Macklin, Mortal Choices: Bioethics in Today's World (1987).

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bioethics

[‚bī·ō′eth·iks]
(biology)
A discipline concerned with the application of ethics to biological problems, especially in the field of medicine.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The conference also provides an excellent venue for professional networking with others interested in the field of bioethics. Continuing medical education credit is available.
We work in different environment and the pioneers of Bioethics in USA were not aware of the problems which are faced in these countries.
He praised SIUT as an example for the entire region, adding that he was impressed that along with being a leader in organ transplantation, SIUT was a leader in bioethics as well.
The Center has great deal to offer to WHO and its work in bioethics. WHO has greatly benefited from the Centre's expertise and contributions in different areas, such as ethics in organ transplantation, research ethics, and epidemics - all of which are key priorities of WHO's work plan.
In addition to being a leader in organ transplantation, SIUT is leading in bioethics as well, he said.
With bioethics, doctors can serve in their noble profession even better.
of bioethics should be reexamined and adopted in light of growing
of the regulations of the committee and other topics related to bioethics issues, and the
Experts from WHO and UNESCO are also taking part in the conference which aims to disseminate the concept of bioethics education and the challenges faced in this field.
I could also observe ethics as a part of different courses like Gynaecology in MBBS and Professional Practice in DPT but Islamic bioethics did not appear as a separate entity i.e.
The first chapter, by Cheryl C Macpherson, is devoted to Potter's global bioethics, which is concerned with the dependencies and relationships between humans and other living things, and extends beyond environmental ethics and public health ethics to human health and well-being and other spheres.
KUWAIT, May 17 (KUNA) -- The Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (KIRS) and Kuwait National Commission for UNESCO (KNC UNESCO) inaugurated Sunday a workshop on bioethics. "The workshop aims to promote the bioethics teaching in the Arab countries and encourage states to have their own national commissions for bioethics," Kuwait National Commission for UNESCO Secretary-General Abdullatif Al-Baijan said in the inaugural speech.