biological value


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biological value

[¦bī·ə¦läj·ə·kəl ′val·yü]
(biochemistry)
A measurement of the efficiency of the protein content in a food for the maintenance and growth of the body tissues of an individual.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Like other legumes and plant based proteins, chickpea also have several anti-nutritional factors (ANF) including phytic acid, tannins, saponins, polyphenols, oxalates, and trypsin inhibitors which reduce the biological value of these products.
[14.] Osipova GA, Koryachkina SYa (2002) Development of a way of increase of biological value of pasta from baking flour.
The biological value is a measure of the proportion of absorbed protein from a food which becomes incorporated into the proteins of the organism's body.
The consumption of raw legume seed proteins was reported to increase the endogenous nitrogen loss through the shedding of intestinal mucosa, an effect that reduced the biological value of raw legume seed proteins [33, 34].
Eggs, meats and cheeses are good examples of protein foods of high biological value that can be easily included in the patient's daily food intake.The diet should also supply 2500-3000 Kcal/ day to restore nutritional deficits and help in the healing process of the tissues affected.
If all the essential amino acids are present in the correct proportions, the protein has a high biological value. In general, proteins from animal sources have a higher biological value than proteins from plant sources, though there are two marked exceptions to this, Quinoa and Soya, which are especially important to vegetarians and vegans.
Aqua-Rap's main focus was to assess the biological value of selected tropical freshwater ecosystems through rapid inventories, and to report the information quickly to local policy makers, conservationists, scientists and international funding agencies.
It offers the highest biological value compared to other protein sources, and is pure, natural and consistent.
"Watersheds with the highest biological value, as measured by the number of endemic bird and fish species, are also generally the most degraded," says Carmen Revenga of the WRI.
The relative biological value (RBV) of the Fe powders was determined (2) using the AOAC hemoglobin repletion/ slope ratio method (3) in 220 weanling, male Sprague-Dawley rats.
''The logging that threatens Tesso Nilo is a part of pattern across Indonesia, where large financially troubled corporations, often with foreign ownership, liquidate standing forests for a tiny fraction of their true economic potential and without regard to their biological value,'' it said.
Despite the low level of accuracy of Chapter Eight's population estimates, the author documents the high biological value of the Dieng Mountains and recommends that the reserve system in Java be expanded to include this area as an important global biodiversity conservation area.

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