biomimicry


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biomimicry

Imitating nature in man-made systems. Examples are a film similar to the coating on a moth's eyeballs that minimizes screen glare, a directional microphone that mimics the moving hairs on crickets, and a waterproof coating that emulates the grooves and wax coating on a butterfly's wings.

A very notable example is the Eastgate Center in Harare, Zimbabwe. Built in 1996, this shopping and office complex was constructed using principles discovered in termite mounds in the desert. Termites maintain an almost perfectly uniform temperature for their food inside their tunnels, even though outside temperatures range from near freezing at night to over 100 degrees Fahrenheit in the day. The even temperature is accomplished by continuously opening and closing a series of vents throughout the day. Eastgate uses 10% of the energy of a traditional building to keep cool. See bionic.

Biomimicry

A new science that studies nature’s models and then imitates or takes inspiration from these designs and processes to solve human problems, e.g., a solar cell inspired by a leaf. The application of methods and systems found in nature to the study and design of engineering systems and modern technology. It uses an ecological standard to judge the rightness of our innovations. After 3.8 billion years of evolution, nature has learned what works, what is appropriate, and what lasts.
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Kennedy, Director of External Relations, Biomimicry Research and Innovation Center, University of Akron, and Thomas A.
Biomimicry is a new discipline that tries to learn from those geniuses, and take advice from them, design advice."
When biomimicry seeks solutions, its main inspiration source becomes nature.
Thus, Rattner said, the way we teach science now is not a fit for biomimicry. It needs to be a cross-cutting concept that's taught across multiple disciplines.
Biomimicry: The "Natural" intersection of biology and engineering.
Biomimicry has great promise for helping us combat or at least adjust to climate change.
The Biomimicry Institute holds an annual Biomimicry Global Design Challenge aimed at promoting ideas on a theme that "balances immediate humanitarian concerns with potential global ecological effects." The theme of the 2016 Challenge is Food Systems.
Richard MacCowan, director and co-founder of Biomimicry UK, said: "It's not just about sustainability.
"We are connected to the Biomimicry Institute and we use their materials to teach about the subject," El Sayed said.
The concept of engineering technology so that it copies nature is known as biomimicry. "Nature has had millions and millions of years to come up with solutions to problems," says Jennifer Gille, an engineer at Qualcomm, a wireless communications company based in San Diego, California.
Biomimicry is a fascinating look at how human inventions are inspired by nature.
You may not be familiar with the term biomimicry, but you already know the concept.