bioprospecting


Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to bioprospecting: Biopiracy and bioprospecting

bioprospecting

[‚bī·ō′prä·spek·tiŋ]
(pharmacology)
The search for new pharmaceutical (and sometimes nutritional or agricultural) products from natural sources, such as plants, microorganisms, and sometimes animals.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, the main objective of this work consisted in the design and implementation of a bioprospecting protocol for the isolation of lactobacilli from poultry feces, based on morphological and molecular identification, that could increase Lactobacillus isolation percentage compared to its representation in the GM.
Phytochemical bioprospecting of the plant extracts was carried out at the Laboratory of Natural Products and Organic Synthesis (LPPNS), at the UESC, Ilheus, Bahia.
Future bioprospecting studies on TCMMs are thus warranted with aims of producing novel anticancer drugs.
Techniques: bioprospecting historical herbal texts by hunting for new leads in old tomes.
A second example arises in "bioprospecting": the search among wild organisms for chemicals that may be used in new industrial, agricultural, or pharmaceutical products.
A study commissioned by the UN Development Programme found that the net present sustainable bioprospecting value of the Philippines' forests is approximately $36 million annually in perpetuity.
It is important to mention that various antitumor drugs currently used, such as paclitaxel from the vinca alkaloids and camptothecin were isolated from medicinal plants, which makes plant bioprospecting an important resource to be exploited in the search for new therapeutic approaches against cancer (Srivastava et al., 2005).
Keeping in view the above facts, the current study was designed to explore bioprospecting potential of endophytic fungi isolated from indigenous plants of Ambala, Haryana (India).
In SA, the Biodiversity Act 10 of 2004 [14] is the only legal document that sets out what a 'benefit' may constitute for bioprospecting or any other kind of research involving indigenous biological resources.
This includes the protection of species and ecosystems; the sustainable use of indigenous biological resources; the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from bioprospecting with indigenous people; and the establishment of a South African National Biodiversity Institute."
(6) This peak period of interest in screening large number of biological samples, primarily plants, in the 1980s and 1990s will be referred to here as the "bioprospecting surge."