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biotite(bī`ətīt'), iron-rich variety of phlogopite, most abdunant of the micamica
, general term for a large group of minerals, hydrous silicates of aluminum and potassium, often containing magnesium, ferrous iron, ferric iron, sodium, and lithium and more rarely containing barium, chromium, and fluorine.
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(after the French scientist J. B. Biot, 1774–1862), a mineral of the mica group. Biotite is structurally related to the micaceous aluminosilicates. Its chemical formula is K(Mg, Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH,F)2. The color of the thin sheets is from blackish-brown to brownish-green. Biotite occurs widely as a rock-forming mineral in igneous and metamorphic rocks. The largest biotite crystals, reaching 1–1.5 m, are found in pegmatite veins. Biotite is used in light-duty electrical insulating articles, and its powder is used in the preparation of bronze paint.,